All parents wish for a healthy baby, but some parents though not by their choice are gifted with a special child, like a child with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Some parents are able to cope up with such a situation whereas, other experience psychological problems. The present study aims to examine the Parent Child Relationship. The sample comprised of 107 parents of autistic and 118 parents of normal children, between the age range 30 to 45 years from Pune and Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra.The test scales used is 'Parent Child Relationship' scale by Dr. N.S. Chauhan and Dr. Harish Chand Sharma. The data for each PCR dimension was evaluated in the two groups using Mann-Whitney U test to determine if the Mean values show significant difference. The results reveal that there is significant difference seen on three dimensions of 'Parent - Child Relationship' scale, CRLN_OPTC (z = 2.851, p < 0.01), TOFE_SEDIS (z = 2.016, p < 0.05), and LNST_SEMOR (z =2.497, p < 0.01) indicating that quite a different approach is selected by the parents in dealing with their children.
Media through its credible informer and critical commentator functions plays an important role in our society. Apart from influencing the audiences in general, media holds a say within the broader framework of the social, cultural, educational, political, or economic power structures of the society. This paper aimed to examine the amount of coverage, major Indian English dailies have been assigning to the issues of disability. Content analysis has been used as the primary method of data collection. Major Indian English dailies were selected through purposive sampling technique. Results of the study revealed a statistically insignificant difference among the selected English dallies on the studied variables. Due attention should be given to avoid stereotyping persons with disabilities and they should be portrayed in more positive manner. Attempts should be made to focus on their special abilities as assets rather than their disability as a liability.
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of J. P. Das's PASS Reading Enhancement Program as an intervention technique for children with learning disability. To study this, the pre-posttest design was used. It was hypothesized that there will be significant difference between the pre-post test scores of the NIMHANS Specific Learning Disability test and on the Malin's intelligence scale for Indian children (MISIC) after the intervention. There were 7 subjects taken from the age group of 8-14 years who were diagnosed with learning difficulties. Out of which, 4 subjects were the part of experimental group and the rest of the subjects were included in the control group. The intervention was done with the experimental group through individual sessions for the four subjects. In the intervention all the tasks were done twice to achieve the significant improvement. The pre-post test data were analyzed using Wilcoxon signed rank test. The result did not showed any statistical significant difference on the pre-post test of the NIMHANS Specific Learning Disability test and in the score of MISIC. However, the parents reported positive changes in the participants. The control group test result also showed insignificant difference. Therefore it is uncertain to define the changes are due to the intervention and/or the growing age.
The present study was conducted with the objective to study the effect of Meditation (Vipassana Meditation) in enhancing Quality of Life (QOL) among cancer patients. It was hypothesized that there would be a significant effect of meditation in enhancing QOL. The study was conducted on a sample of 30 subjects in the age range of 40-50 years. Subjects were categorized into two Groups (Experimental Group and Control Group), 15 subjects in each group. Cancer patients were included in both the groups. Cancer Disease was diagnosed by the physician. Before starting the intervention program, for the Experimental group subjects were trained in vipassana meditation for 1 month and were asked to practice the meditation for one month. For control group subjects were not given any type of intervention. For measuring QOL, WHOQOL-BREF Scale by WHO (1995) was used. Pre- Post data was compared with the help of Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test. Z value was calculated for different domains of QOL in both the groups. A significant difference was found between the pre and post scores of QOL in experimental group (Z = 3.42, p < .01) in comparison to the control group (Z=0.70). Further, result shows the significant enhancement in different domains of QOL in experimental group whereas no significant enhancement was observed in control group. However, for some domains the mean of the post measure is higher than the pre measure in control group. But the difference between means is not statistically significant. So, it can be said that there is a significant positive effect of vipassana meditation in enhancing QOL among cancer patients. Practicing Vipassana Meditation is a right way of living, in illness and in health.
In recent year, bullying has come into focus as critical important social issues which demands empirical understanding to inform best practice regarding prevention. The main objective of this study is to find the relationship between bullying, victimization and aggression among school going children. Bullying and victimization is the major cause of aggression in all. This research is based on 145 samples (53 male and 92 female) from class 5 to class 10 (age range 10-15 years).Purposive sample method was used. Samples were taken directly from their school and coaching by the permission of appropriate authority. It is a self-report questionnaire form consisting of 33 items in 3 different scales i.e. Aggression Scale (A1) by Orpians& Frankowski, (2001), Gatehouse Bullying Scale (B1) by Bond, Wolfe, Tollit, Butler & Patton (2007) and Victimization Scale (B7) by Orpinas (1993). It assesses the frequency of self-reported perpetration of teasing, pushing, physical threat/violence, rumors, deliberate exclusion/social isolation or being teased, pushed or threatened and also assess the overt and covert victimization. Appropriate statistical techniques have been used.
Clinically a woman is considered to be infertile after at least one year without contraception and without pregnancy. Infertility and its treatment have its own psychological as well as social consequences. The research aims to explore some of the social folds of women who are going through the treatment of infertility for different lengths of time namely, 1 to 2 years, 3 to 4 years and 5 years onwards. The sample consisted of 60 subjects, 10 patients for each clinical group and 10 for each normal group matched (on age) with their clinical groups. On each clinical and normal groups Presumptive Stressful Life Event Scale (PSLES) (Singh et al., 1984), Marital Quality Scale (MSQ) (Shah, 1995) and Family Environment Scale (Bhatia and Chadha, 1993) were administered along with General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) (Goldberg and Miller, 1979) for the normal groups. Data were analyzed using the Kruskal Wallis One Way Analysis of Variance by Ranks and Mann-Whitney U test. Results indicated that there is significant difference among 3 clinical groups. Between the clinical groups and their normal counterparts for women undergoing treatment and their normal counterpart significant difference was found in terms of Presumptive Stressful Life Event in a life time and Acceptance and Caring and Expressiveness in the Family Environment.
Adolescence is a stage of autonomy and identity developments and in this transformational phase, suicide ideations can develop too. Suicide ideation refers to the presence of self- destructive thoughts. There is an occurrence of thoughts about self-destructive behavior, however, death may or may not be intended. In this study, an effort is made to find out the differences in male and female adolescents with regard to the predictors of suicide ideations. The psychological variables that are closely connected with suicide ideations are depression, hopelessness, emotional autonomy and hardiness as evident from the theoretical rationale of suicide ideation. Administration of the psychological tests was done on 400 adolescents belonging to the age group of 15-22 years. Further, factor analysis was utilized to form a single factor in both males and females. Coefficient of congruence was computed for the single factor obtained for both the genders. The value showed high similarity in the factor structure obtained for both genders (Coefficient of Congruence = 0.97). Thereafter, regression analysis was employed and the results showed that the psychological variables significantly predicted suicide ideations in males and females. The pattern of associations is almost similar in males and females. This study is helpful for mental health counselors, teachers and parents and has implications in school and in community settings.
Parenting a mentally challenged child is a herculean task. A variety of stress related to the child's disability is experienced by parents having mentally challenged children, which could cause huge distress. This could affect majorly the mothers, as they are the primary caregivers. Research has revealed that individuals with good levels of emotional intelligence have been able to cope better with stress and enjoy well-being. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the relationship among emotional intelligence, psychological distress and coping among mothers of mentally challenged children. The sample comprised of 114 mothers with mentally challenged children from Chennai city. The age range of the sample was from 25 to 50 years. Purposive sampling technique has been used in the study. Data has been collected through the following psychometric tools: Emotional Intelligence Scale (Anukool, Sanjyot, Upinder, 2002), General Health Questionnaire (Goldberg, 1972) and The COPE inventory (Carver, Scheier, & Weintraub, 1989). Karl Pearson's Co-efficient of Correlation was used to analyze the data obtained. The results showed that there is a positive relationship among emotional intelligence, well-being and coping among mothers of mentally challenged children.
Enabling technology indicates the innovative technologies used by higher educational institutions to enable students with special needs to excel in academic fields. This paper presents availability and utilization of enabling technology for students with special needs in the regular classroom at higher education level. Students with special need report lack of enabling technology in regular classrooms at higher education whereas there is a need for the same. Students with visual impairments indicate that they need a touch screen, key guards, enlarged keyboard, braille watches and tablets in teaching-learning process. Teachers use enabling technology in delivering the lesson but they spend 1to 2 hours per week on using enabling technology to deliver the lecture. Students with special need state that they face problems while using the enabling technology in the classroom, in library etc. like power connection problem, lack of trained teacher to guide etc. Students with visual impairments indicate that there is a need for screen magnifier, eyeglasses to learn. Most of the text books are not available in braille language. Students with special need state that teachers in higher education do not use power point presentation in every lecture. Students with language and speech impairments state that they need communication aids in the process of teaching-learning. Enabling technology is a missing link in the chain of support services provided to students with special needs at higher education level. To get appropriate education, to develop in an enabling academic environment and to fully participate in the teaching-learning process, availability and utilization of enabling technology in the teaching-learning process at higher education level is an urgent need of the hour.