Caregiver burden appears to be a key personality correlate among primary care-givers of children with autism spectrum disorders. However, researches among caregivers of developmental disabilities are relatively scarce. The present study dealt with 26 primary caregivers (parents) of children with autism and 7 psychologists who had regular exposure of such children and their caregivers who accompanied them. The present project involved the development of a psycho-education tool (booklet) on the basis of data collected from personal interview conducted with primary care-givers of children with autism and psychologists in the field. The psycho-education tool was prepared to equip them to handle the stress of dealing with an offspring with developmental disability. The booklet comprised the role of special education, sheltered workshops, parent counseling programs, support groups and specific techniques for helping to modify problem behaviours among children with autism. Techniques for developing social skills, eye contact, repetitive behavior and anger control behavior among such children have also been addressed. Implications of the psycho-education booklet along therapeutic avenues have been discussed. Key words: Autism spectrum disorders, psycho-education, primary caregivers
The present paper is an attempt to assess the verbal intelligence of visually challenged students by using a tactile test of verbal intelligence (VTTI) suitable to use with this population. A sample of 128 visually challenged students was selected by employing purposive sampling technique from inclusive and exclusive schools located in Delhi region. The frequency distribution of students' scores on various subtests and the total test of VTTI were examined then after students level of verbal intelligence was assessed on the basis of their performance on the verbal tactile test of intelligence. The findings of the study revealed that majority of the students under study showed average performance on the tactile test indicating normal level of verbal intelligence. Key words: Visually challenged, Verbal intelligence
Psychological disorders impact various faculties such as cognitive functioning (e.g. judgement, problem solving, memory), emotional regulation, motivation. With timely and appropriate interventions most of these can be restored at least to a functional level, if not premorbid level, and the person can be gainfully occupied in a workplace. This is where the perceptions of employers and co-workers play a crucial role in integrating a recovering patient in the social fabric. This symposium paper presents a relatively new and unexplored intervention of Dance Therapy for people with chronic mental illness. 13 people with schizophrenia in partial remission (9 female, 4 male) attending an activity group at the Institute for Psychological Health, Thane, Maharashtra, a community mental health social enterprise, with a mean age of 38 years and mean duration of illness of 13 years received dance therapy intervention for a period of 3 months. The dance movements were based on Bharatanatyam style but were tailored considering the ability of the participants and goal of the intervention. To find the utility of dance therapy in an empirical manner a pre-post analysis of 5 variables was done: MotorSkills: gross and fine, Affect, Self-efficacy and Quality of Life. Baseline scores indicated that these patients had above average and average functioning in terms of self-efficacy and affect; but impaired functioning in motor skills (both gross and fine) and poor quality of life. It thus became amply clear that the principal target for change through dance intervention would be balance, co-ordination, fine motor skills, and overall quality of life. Post intervention analysis shows statistically significant gains in gross motor skills (balance and co-ordination) and positive affect. Quality of life, self-efficacy and fine motor skills did not show significant difference as compared to baseline functioning but there was some increase in self-efficacy and fine motor skills. Qualitative data shows a positive spillover effect in other areas such as mood, confidence, feelings of wellness, and increase in stamina. These results are encouraging and make it worth exploring how dance therapy can be used with populations with other forms of disabilities as well. It has the potential to be tool for destigmatization and integration of people with disabilities in the mainstream at the workplace. It also points the way to inclusive and low cost intervention strategies that can elevate some from disability and help others gain joy and fulfilment. Key words: Dance therapy, Schizophrenia, Rehabilitation
On September 25th, 2015, majority of countries across the globe adopted a set of goals to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all as part of a new sustainable development agenda. The 2030 Agenda includes a specific 'Sustainable Development Goal' to achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls. The principle of 'leave no one behind' claims its utmost relevance when it addresses discrimination that women face based on their race, ethnicity, caste, marital status, and ability/disability among others. This principle is particularly important when recognizing the exclusion, faced by women and girls with disabilities as well as their resilience and contributions to development. As it is seen, discrimination has become an enduring issue for all people with disabilities, women & girls with disabilities however, are subjected to double discrimination; sexism as well as disability bias (Mapuranga, 2015). The present study explores the real facts of their lives in the backdrop of this new Agenda when two out of every three of the 110 million children in the world who do not attend school are girls! There are 42 million fewer girls than boys in primary school. Girls who miss out on primary education; grow up to become the women who make up two-thirds of the world's 875 million illiterate adults (UNESCO, 2001). The researcher has tried to understand the status of women with disabilities in Uttar Pradesh as one of the major states of North India and suggested the future implications at large if necessary steps are not taken in time. Key words: Empowerment, Gender equality, Discrimination, Women with disabilities, CEDAW
The legal definition of blind is those who cannot read print the partially sighted are youngsters who can read print with special low vision aids. The causes for visual disorders parallel the causes of the other disabilities that involve clear organ dysfunction, accidents, poisoning, infection, tumors, hereditary difficulties and nutritional deficiencies; behavioural problems stand out as major contributors of visual problem. So this impairment may lead to anxiety, fear, phobia, destructive behaviour and anti social behaviour. This paper assessed anxiety level of visually impaired girls. Family setting of the exceptional child, problems of anxiety, guilt, embarrassment, rejection and bewilderment on the part of parents and siblings are considered with specific recommendations for their resolution. Practical procedures are offered to parents for the rearrangement of family interaction. Keywords: Visual impairment, Blind, Disabilities, Behavioural problem, Aggression, Family.
The use of Cochlear Implant (CI) in children with bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss provides important benefits for the development of listening and communication skills and allows their progress in school and, later on, in the ability to a professional occupation. To understand the success of this intervention, 30 parents or guardians of children using CI who have been attending Auditory Verbal Habilitation( AVH) under state government free cochlear implant scheme at Government Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala were selected as sample. The Malayalam version of the "Children With Cochlear Implants: Parental Perspectives" questionnaire developed by Archbold and Lutman in 2002 was used. Spearman and Pearson tests of correlation and ANOVA test were used for statistical purpose. Positive correlation exists between the age of surgery and social relation, support, autonomy & functionality. Negative correlation exists between age of surgery and communication & education. The age at the time of surgery plays an important role in the outcome of children with CI. Parents of children with CI were more worried about the educational aspects. Government should provide options for social integration of the children with CI. Keywords : Child, Cochlear Implant, Family relations
Cochlear implantation has dramatically changed the outcomes of children with severe to profound hearing loss by providing them with auditory information that is not obtainable through conventional hearing aids. It has many benefits but not without shortcomings which have been reported by the parents of children who have undergone cochlear implant under 'Sruthitharangam' which is one of the flagship programmes of Government of Kerala implemented by Kerala Social Security Mission. The scheme provides free cochlear implantation and facility for two year long auditory verbal habilitation for children with severe to profound hearing loss under age group of five. Auditory verbal habilitation is the process by which child is trained for effective communication with out which implantation surgery will not be effective. Sample of 60 parents whose children have undergone cochlear implant were selected from Govt. Medical College Kozhikode. Three open ended questions were adapted from the questions previously used by Chundu et al (2012). The commonly observed benefits were improved listening skills, improved speech and language development, improved academic performance, improved psychosocial skills, watching and understanding television etc. The short comings reported were expensive accessories of cochlear implant processor which parents were finding difficult to meet after warranty period, frequent complaints of the accessories, sensitivity to water, expenses for travelling to therapy centre, difficulty in localising and poor listening in telephone. The general expectations of parents from CI implantation were improvement in academic performance, more speech clarity and more independence. The important suggestions given by parents were assistance from Government to meet travelling expenses, low cost accessories, easily accessible service centres, smaller device size etc. Keywords: Cochlear implants, Counselling, Hearing loss, Auditory verbal habilitation