Early Interventions for the infants and toddlers globally have found to be very essential and useful. There is limited work in the documentation of the practices carried out in the Asian context. The Republic Of Maldives is an island country has high prevalence of Autism and Autism spectrum disorders. A unique case with very positive outcome after the 1 year long early intervention programme is presented. A girl child with age of 1 year 6 months was found to have developmental lag in the areas of communication and expressive skills along with other features like stereotypical movements, not maintaining eye contact, poor response to the familiar faces or social interaction with difficult temperament was evaluated in detail. Psychological assessment was carried out and she was introduced to the Early Intervention Programme. Target behavior was changed and revised periodically. A significant improvement is noticed in most of the areas of development showing the positive implications. There is a need for support, recognizing early signs and symptoms, comprehensive psychological assessment, holistic care, integrating family involvement and role of a psychologist.
The study was designed to see the efficacy of CBT intervention in maintaining self esteem among three different grades of obese ( grade I, II & III) belonging to three different age groups (early adulthood, mid adulthood and late adulthood). For the purpose 270 obese categorized into three different age groups were taken from various fitness clinics at Delhi. In this way 90 obese consisted of males and females both were taken in each age group, and 30 participants were taken for each grade of obese. To measure the self esteem of the participants 25 items Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI) by Coopersmith (2002) was administered on the participants before providing CBT intervention and after CBT intervention to see the difference in their self esteem. Out of 25 items 17 were negative and 8 positive in the inventory. The results showed that there was substantial increase in the self esteem among all the three grades of obese belonging to the three different age groups. All the differences were large and statistically significant. Thus the CBT effectiveness in improving self esteem among obese was very much evident from the results.
The present study was aimed at finding out the effect of curriculum adaptations in learning biological science at secondary level among children with hearing impairment. Researcher also studied the effect of curriculum adaptations in learning biological science, with background variables i.e., level of hearing loss, gender and type of management and medium of Instruction. It adopted quasi-experimental one group pre-test, post -test design. The group consisted of 67 children of eighth class, out of which 44 were boys and 23 girls. Sample included both private and government special schools for the hearing impaired having both Telugu and English medium background. Instructional material for teaching was specially designed for the study. Video material was developed for five lessons using sign language, finger spelling and lip reading with the text in the back ground in bold type written in English. Performance Test, was the teacher made test used for data Collection. The tools were prepared and validated by the experts in the field of Special Education and reliability was established by trying it out on five children. To conduct a scientific experiment with curriculum adaptations, the researcher demonstrated video lessons through LCD projector. The same test for both pre and post test was prepared, based on the content of five lessons and administered to the students before its exposure to instructional material and after exposure of the instructional material. The results revealed that difference between pre and post scores (Effect) is not significant at 0.01 level of Significance and gender, level of hearing loss, medium of instruction and type of management with the significant effect p>0.05) on learning biological science with curriculum adaptations. The findings of the study also proved that the curriculum adaptations are more benefitted to the hearing-impaired students in learning biological science. This study also proved that the degree of hearing loss, type of management and medium of instruction, gender did not show any significant effect on performance of the hearing impaired students in learning biological science. Curriculum adaptations were proved to be very effective for all categories of children with different degrees of hearing loss, both boys and girls, private and government schools with Telugu or English as the medium of instruction. Teachers should be encouraged to take initiatives on their own and by making suitable adaptations to teach the children with hearing impairment.
Identity denotes to an individual's affiliations like ethnicity, sex, caste, creed, nation, religion and culture. As a matter of fact people maintain their distinct cultural and religious affiliation different from other groups or majority. Challenges, threats, competition, culture and linguistic homogeneity/heterogeneity, fear of assimilation with majority, need for security of life and property etc are the factors that influence the development of a week or strong identity. The present research was planned to study the identity and its different dimensions of four ethnic groups, namely kukis, nagas, Meiteis and Muslims in India (Manipur). 200 males and females from different educational background drawn from Imphal city were administered identity scale by Husain and Suri (1992). The date of this 4x2x2 multiple designed studies were analyzed with the help of analysis of variance. Analysis showed the significance of difference among four ethnic groups on the scores of identity and its dimensions. The results showed four groups different significantly on cultural and religious identity. However, these four ethnic groups had weaker national and linguistic identity. This is because they have similar views about nationality and do not give much importance to the state language i.e. Manipuri (India). As regards to sex, the females were found high on religious identity than male counterparts but educational background did not influence the results.
In the present scenario, it has become common that every individual is trying to overpower another. Self-respect has turned into egotism and dominance is increasing. When that egotism and dominance are threatened and individual is criticized and rejected by others, they become aggressive. Excessive egotism, dominance and aggression lead to stress which further lead to low well-being and low life-satisfaction. Present study was carried out to examine contribution of three predictor variables i.e. egotism, dominance and aggression in the determination of criterion variable, well-being. The study was conducted on 50 subjects (25 males, 25 females) selected from Agra city. The age range of the subjects was 30-50 years. Coefficient of correlation and multiple regression analysis was applied to examine the contribution of the predictor variables in the determination of criterion variable. Results showed that there exists negative relationship between egotism and wellbeing (-.70), dominance and well-being (-.85) and between aggression and well-being (-.85). Multiple regression analysis revealed that all three predictor variables negatively contribute to the well-being. It shows that when the egotism, dominance and aggression are high it would result in low wellbeing. Present research implies that for the better well-being and for better life, it is essential that such negative emotions should be in control because it harms individual's well-being which results in low life satisfaction.