This study evaluates a random list of 64 teaching objectives earmarked for 15 preschool aged children with developmental disabilities against an identified list of ten best-fit indicators. The indicators were rated by three mutually blinded non-participant third party respondents not directly involved with remediation of the targeted children. Their inter- rater agreement coefficient is 0.94 with no significant difference in their mean ratings. A 'goodness-of-fit' statistical model found best fit measure to the extent of 35 % leaving under-fitting by the remaining 65 % for the characteristics expected of an ideal teaching objective. These findings are discussed as reflection on the contemporary crisis in target setting for optimal habilitation of such children in the country.
Children with a disability disrupt the family routines, require extra care, and ultimatly create some extraordinary stress among the primary caregivers. The study of Boyd (2002) reported that among the family members of handicapped children, parents of autistic children have reported the greatest levels of stress. There is a wide literature supported that families of handicapped children, are at risk of experiencing more stress in comparison to the primary caregives of normal children. All the studies in this regard confirmed the negative effects of caregivers of children with developmental disorders. However, few studies examined positive experiences that a handicapped child may generate in the family system. The article is focused on the positive effects of handicapped children generate in the family and some of the effective strategies which will help the caregiver of the developmental disabled children especially the children suffering Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) or Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD).
Fluency disorders are complex and multifactorial in nature. It is necessary to have tools measuring all the aspects of fluency disorders, leading to an estimate of their impact on a person's life. There are tools based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) for this purpose. They, however, assess only stuttering. Further, they ignore the valuable perspective of significant others. The present study describes the construction of an Impact Scale for Assessment of Cluttering and Stuttering (ISACS).The scale has been repeatedly edited through four versions, the final version having two forms- for persons with fluency disorders and their significant others. The study establishes the reliability and appropriateness of the scale for assessing impact of fluency disorders. It underlines its importance in planning and implementing therapy, involving significant others, improving the client's awareness of cluttering as well as for research on cluttering.
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill (2011) presents five categories of rights for women and girls with disabilities. In the present paper, the opinions of Primary School Teachers towards the rights of this specific group have been analysed under three variables: Government vs Private, Male vs Female, and More experienced vs Less experienced. Their opinions are identical for all the three variables at 0.05 level of significance. There is an urgent need to make some compulsory changes in the sections dealing with the rights of women and girls with disabilities before it comes into action. It calls for the urgent attention of the Ministry of Social Justice to rectify the faults.
This paper is an attempt to present the issue of wellness of the handicapped vis-à-vis their disability from the traditional and rich Indian cultural perspective. Among disabilities the intellectual disability has a direct and forceful negative impact on the total personality of a human being. This paper presents an introduction of Mantra chanting with analysis of multiple aspects of the physical and subliminal impact. It tries to explore the traditional and scientific aspects of mantra chanting besides explaining its role in the enrichment of attention, memory and wellness of the persons with intellectual disability. The goal of mantra chanting is to create peace, calmness and healing the body by reducing the stress and opening the avenues for holistic development of affected persons. As of now, it stands proved that the brain waves and the Sanskrit chanting have a correlation that can be measured in microvolts.
The aim of the present research was to study the effectiveness of mnemonic instructions on thinking strategies of learning disabled children. The present research was a pre & post experimental design which was further divided into experimental group (N=20) and control group (N=10) purposively in which the independent variable was the application of mnemonic instructional strategies whereas the thinking patterns of children with learning disabilities was the dependent variable. In the experimental group, abilities of learning disabled children were assessed regarding thinking patterns prior to application of mnemonic instructional strategies and the same abilities of these children were measured after the application of mnemonic instructional strategies whereas in control group the same abilities of the children were measured without the application of mnemonic instructional strategies. On the basis of purposive sampling technique, a total of 30 subjects were selected who were suffering from learning disability, age ranging from 9 to 12 yrs. & were taken from various institutes and NGO's of Rajasthan state. Swarup-Mehta Test of Thinking Strategies by Swarup & Mehta (2008) was used to assess the thinking patterns of the learning disabled children. The results revealed significant difference in the scores of pre & post test sessions of the experimental group on test of thinking strategies which shows that mnemonic instructional strategies are helpful in enhancing the thinking patterns of learning disabled children whereas no significant difference was found in the scores of pre & post test sessions of the control group where mnemonic instructional strategies were not used.
This study has been conducted to find out the Effect of Aerobics on Balance among Children with Down syndrome. Purposive cum convenient sampling method was used for the selection of 7 subjects between the age group of 11-13 years without any other associated condition. A five point Burg Balance Scale was used. Pre - post one group experimental design has been adopted for the present study. The intervention was planned with combination of 7 different aerobic exercises with necessary adaptations. The intervention included 35 sessions over 2 months. Based on the result of the post test performance, the collected data was analyzed quantitatively. Pre post single group design was followed for quantitative analysis by using paired t-test. The findings revealed that there is a significant effect of aerobics on balance among children with Down syndrome. On the whole the intervention was found to be effective in improving balance of children with Down syndrome.
The purpose of this study is to find the impact on learning of science by secondary grade students by gender in a classroom using technology- Audio Video mode of teaching. This study will address the impact of adapted content systems by translating content into video material for deaf students and administered in Government and Private Co- Education schools. Specifically, the study uses the mix of knowledge delivery through Video of sign language and Audio. This study investigated impact of this Audio Video instruction on hearing impaired pupils' performance in Science Subject. The study adopted quasi-experimental one group of pre and post test, design. The group was exposed to adapted technology (Audio video) based instruction. Whole the group was taught using the audio video mode of instruction to the hearing impaired. Hypotheses were raised and field validated questionnaire was used as data collection instrument. The study concluded that Audio Video mode with images was effective in giving Science Education by using technology to the hearing impaired pupils, as performance of the students indicate significant difference and gender did not influence their performance either. Consequently, it was recommended that teachers should be trained to design and develop video, and instructional base for their use in the schools.
The present investigation is attempted to find out the effect of training on the perception of special educators on self determination among individuals with intellectual disability. In the present study the teachers were given the training on self determination particularly on the concept, meaning, definition, how it is to be assessed, implemented and finally evaluated. The special educators (N=25) were selected for the training on self determination among individuals with intellectual disability for a total 10 sessions. The Self Determination Perception Scale (2004) developed by Hoffman, Field and Sawilowsky was used to collect the data. The data collected was analyzed using the statistical techniques such as paired sample t-test and One Way ANOVA. The findings of the study reported that there was a significant difference (1% level of significance) in the pre and post tests mean scores of perception of special educators on self determination among individuals with intellectual disability. This indicates that training enhanced the perception of special educators on the concept of self determination. The findings of the study revealed that the training received on self determination by the special educators found to be effective because they were able to score greater in the post test. Further analysis was done to find out the difference with respect to age, experience and qualification. The analysis shows that there was no significant difference with respect to age and experience and qualification. The entire sample (N=25) of the study have participated enthusiastically as a result they were able to score high in the post test hence there was no significant difference with respect to age, experience and qualification. In conclusion, the findings have shown that there was significant effect of training on the perception of special educators on self determination for individuals with intellectual disability.