Disability-related News (Dr-N) is simply about what or how much media covers on disabilities, their problems, programs, perspective, events, issues, advocacy, empowerment or just about everything for the cause of such affected persons. This study uses a cross sectional two-group random survey comparative design to explore the nature, extensity and intensity of Dr-N by subjecting two representative offline and online daily newspapers in English and a local language for a month long analysis by means of objective, observable and measurable page, paragraph and word counts, key- word searches, content, theme and topography analysis. This was done by mapping the news features through indices like length, location, salience, prominence, penetration, depth, and coverage. A need based pro-forma exclusively developed for undertaking data collection from the target sources was filled by 3 independent mutually blinded observers. Results indicate a rather miserly appearance of Dr-N to the extent of only 8 items in a total scan of 584 offline pages in the national English daily (0.03 % base area) as compared to a slightly better 13 items in a total scan of 536 similar pages of another daily in local language (0.29 % base area). For the same period, online searches on 'disability' and related key words revealed 130 headings, 99 pages, 627 paragraphs, 51728 words or 4286 lines in the English daily as compared to 9 headings, 117 pages, 59 paragraphs, 2945 words or 421lines for the daily in local language. Apart from these quantitative indices, data is also presented on inter-reader reliability exercises and coefficients calculated thereof before discussing the under-representation of Dr-N and calling for greater print-media focus in this direction.
Lucas (2007) found that psychological distress increased significantly after disability onset. Both hardiness and spirituality have been shown to have a buffering effect on stresses that maintains and enhances performance, morale, and health. The present research was undertaken with the purpose to see the level of Psychological Hardiness and spirituality and the possible connection between the two variables among the physically challenged adolescents. The study was conducted on 30 physically challenged adolescents and 30 normal adolescents taken purposively from Delhi. For assessing Psychological Hardiness 30 item Psychological Hardiness scale by Singh (2007) was used whereas, for assessing the spirituality among the sample 28 items spirituality assessment scale by Walker and Avant (1988) was used. The results revealed that the physically challenged adolescents were significantly high on both Psychological Hardiness and spirituality score than Normal Adolescents. However, no significant relationship was found between the variables.
The present study was conducted with the aim of assessing multiple intelligence of slow learner children. For this, respondents from rural area of Hisar district of Haryana state were selected. The total sample considered of 100 respondents, in the age group of 12- 14 years and a standardized test Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test (Terman and Merill, 1973) was used to assess the IQ of children. Then a standardized tool Multiple Intelligence Assessment Tool (Kaur and Chhikara, 2006) was used to assess the multiple intelligence level of slow learner children.. The results of the respondents were found to be having below average levels of intelligence for all the nine components of multiple intelligence. Significant differences were observed in the mean scores for interpersonal, musical, naturalistic, linguistic, existential, spatial and intrapersonal intelligence.
The present study mainly investigated the quality of life among epileptic patients in relation to their ways of coping. To realize this objective 100 patients of epilepsy (age ranging from 18 to 40 years with mean age of 29 years) duly diagnosed by neurologists/ psychiatrists according to ILAE classification system were selected from hospitals and private clinics. The inclusion criteria were age >18 years, history of epilepsy >2 years, authentic diagnoses, willingness to participate, referral by consultant, and no history of other pathological and medical disease. Selected subjects were tested with Ways of Coping Questionnaire and Quality Of Life-31. Obtained data were analyzed by Pearson's Correlations, and Principal Component Factor Analysis. Both bi-variate correlations and Factor Analysis revealed Problem-focused Coping to be facilitating the quality of life and Emotion-focused Coping having negative effects on the quality of life.
This paper is a case study of the inclusive practice of a school with specific regard to a student with hearing impairment. Through interviews, observation, and document analysis, data was gathered and analyzed accordingly. The study documents experiences of a student; throws light on the process of inclusion with various stakeholders; provides for new insights on the relationships in an inclusive engagement and draws the underpinnings of inclusion in the perspective of school culture. The paper provides for the context, a narrative analysis, a discussion on the insights and draws conclusion of the generated theme of inclusion.
The present study is an attempt to analyze the influence of Teaching Competency on Emotional Intimacy with Mentally Challenged Children among Special Educators of different Special Schools of Kerala. 300 Special Educators from 7 different districts of Kerala were collected by stratified random sampling technique by giving due representation to Locality of the school and Length of Service of Special Educators. Scale of Teaching Competency and Scale of Emotional Intimacy was used as the tools. The study revealed that the influence of Teaching Competency on Emotional Intimacy with Mentally Challenged Children is significant for total sample and sub samples of Special Educators. The study also suggests the ways and means to improve Teaching Competency of Special Educators in order to enhance their Emotional Intimacy with Mentally Challenged Children.
In all societies, the experience of disability is mediated by socio-cultural constructions that give meaning to impairments and influence the experiences and interactions of disabled people in different socio-historical contexts. The social interpretation and experience of such varied types of physical and mental impairments also vary depending on the socio-cultural contexts. In almost all societies, individuals with physical or intellectual anomalies have been assumed to be, by the very nature of their condition, inferior (Ghosh, 2012). As the term disability carries with it the connotation of a lack or deficiency, whether mental, physical or sensory, it has been defined primarily in terms of medical deficit. In absence of a conceptual framework based on the social model in the Indian context, no standardization for evaluating disability across methods has been achieved. From this viewpoint, society is at fault i.e. a disabling society that is geared to, built for and by, and controlled by non-disabled people - a society that excludes disabled people. This exclusion is created and constructed in every aspect of living, including ways of thinking, language, the built environment, power structures, information, values, rules and regulations (Batemann, 1992).
This study was conducted to examine the effect of psychological intervention on untreatable back pain in women. Women who have back pain since 3 years and have not yet found any significant relief after consulting at least 2 practitioners from different fields of medicine, served as subjects for the study. There were 8 women who met these criteria among 63 patients and they were included as subjects in this study. A pretest posttest- follow up design was used in the study. The intervention package designed to manage pain included GSPR and Educative counselling. The results indicated that there is a relationship between stress and back pain and that psychological intervention is effective in reducing stress and back pain.