Persons with epilepsy are subject to variety of psychosocial consequences, which can be more harmful than the seizures themselves and other medical difficulties they have. The present study was mainly aimed at understanding the coping processes used by patients with epilepsy. For this, 100 patients of epilepsy aged 18 to 40 years were selected from hospitals and clinics of neurologist/psychiatrists to participate in the study along with 100 normal controls. Data were collected by administering Folkman and Lazarus' Ways of Coping Questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (Mean, SD, SK, and KU) to ascertain the normalcy of data, t-ratios to compare the two groups in terms of their mean scores of eight measures of coping, and Discriminant Function Analysis to examine the joint contribution of all the eight variables in differentiation of two groups. Results revealed that patients with epilepsy scored significantly low on Confrontive Coping, Self Controlling, Seeking Social Support, Accepting Responsibility, Planful Problem Solving, and Positive Reappraisal. In Discriminant Analysis, Positive Reappraisal, Self Controlling, and Distancing emerged most potent discriminators classifying the two groups correctly by 83.5%. Overall findings revealed the patients with epilepsy to be significantly low on both the problem-focused and emotion-focused ways of coping. Implications have also been discussed.
160 Manipuri male subjects who were marijuana user, based on 'level of disorder' (80 'Abuser' and 80 'Dependant' of Marijuana users), and 'Onset' of marijuana use (40 'early onset': before 18 years and 40'late onset' who user after 18 years) were screened out by employing DSM-IV TR criteria (DSM-IV TR, APA, 2000) from registered rehabilitation centres and hospitals in Imphal (Manipur state),and administered NIMHANS Neuropsychology Battery (2004) to assess their verbal fluency and response inhibition of cognitive abilities. Levene's Test of Equality of Error Variances revealed no significant critical values for the original scores (error) that showed the homogeneity of the scores. The present study was to examine the effect of 'disorder' (abuse and dependant) and 'onset' (early and late) of taking marijuana on verbal fluency and response inhibition of cognitive abilities among Marijuana users in Manipur. The results showed that marijuana dependant had more cognitive impairment than marijuana abusers, and the same trend was found that early onset of taking marijuana showed higher cognitive impairments on verbal fluency and response inhibition. The finding suggested that long-term used and early onset of marijuana need attention for neurological assessment to suggest intervention and prevention strategies.
The present study explored the effect of physical disability labelling on facial attractiveness ratings among youth. Participants included 120 post-graduate students of a cosmopolitan city of India (Mumbai) with a male: female ratio of 1:1. In this randomized two-group design, the experimental group was exposed to pictures of human faces which were labelled with some physical disability, whereas the control group was exposed to the faces only. Results revealed that the experimental group rated the faces as more beautiful than the control group (t =2.795, p<0.01). Post task interviews suggested presence of “disabled, yet so beautiful” mindset among the participants. This study found presence of an upward bias among able-bodied youth while rating facial attractiveness of people with disabilities.
The present study investigated the examination anxiety and depression among the students of different boards of examination and gender. Effect of examination anxiety on depression was also studied. The sample of the study consisted of 180 students of U.P. Board, CBSE Board and I.S.C. Board of affiliated schools of Agra city, 60 students in each group (30 boys and 30 girls). The age range of the students was 16-18 years. Students Examination Anxiety Test (SEAT) developed by Agarwal and Kaushal and Beck Depression Inventory II edition were used to measure the level of examination anxiety and depression respectively. Results revealed that students of U.P. board have significantly higher level of examination anxiety than the students of ISC board but not significantly higher than the students of CBSE board. Students of CBSE board have higher level of examination anxiety than the students of ISC board. Further, results show that students of U.P. board have higher level of depression than the students of ISC board and CBSE board. Students of CBSE board have higher level of depression than the students of ISC board but lower than the students of U.P. Board. Result shows that there is no difference in examination anxiety and depression among male and female students.
Play, is a child's unique way of expressing himself. It is the imagination and fantasy where the child juggles with the reality by pretending that certain events actually happens. It has a genuine though indirect effect on the cognitive, language and social aspects of any child's life. The triad impairment of autism is not very unknown to modern psychology. Lacking social and emotional reciprocity, which is a characteristic of autism, forms a hurdle in their way of playing games. Though play is a diverse and complex behavior viewed as central to normal development of children but due to autism their playing suffers. As a result they remain a baby who is just beginning to be able to hold things and play with his hand or feet. A true scientific approach for improvement of this impairment is far to reach a conclusion. Though, there are a plenty of research works on various intervention procedures for autism and numerous labeling of types of methods are going on, the autistic world is yet to be enlightened. Play, as an intervention has been extensively used in Western countries but few experimental works have been conducted in India by which play can establish itself as a good scientific mode of intervention in autism. Play can be divided into four stages namely- Sensori-motor play, Constructive play, Functional play and pretend play. The present work purports to step on the uses of play as an intervention in autism. In the present studies two pre diagnosed children with autism were selected, who were lagging behind in socialization, communication and cognition, they also had some behavioral problems. They were introduced to different stages of structured play on the basis of their cognitive mental age. The tools used for this purpose were Early Education Portage and Problem Behavior checklist (constructed and standardized for the research). The result showed positive changes in all the four areas.
The concept of leisure and its widespread claim has been understood in several magnitudes, quarters and methods; however its complexity and its varied appliance are yet to be unravelled. The paper empirically attempts to examine an approach towards inclusion being followed in Amarjyoti Charitable Trust, Delhi; it is an inclusive educational institute of Persons with Disability (PWDs). The paper has attempted to understand leisure and disability through right's perspective by studying the case of twelve visually challenged children and two facilitators in the school. The case highlights the Right to Recreation aspect and the urgent need to integrate the same in the education system not only for children with disabilities but also for the children at large.
Autism is one of five Neuro - Developmental Disorders under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) which is characterized by impaired social interaction, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication, and unusual, repetitive, or severely limited activities and interests. Experimental Research was conducted to study the effectiveness of Behaviour Therapy in Groups among Autistic children, to improve their Socialization, Communication Skills and to reduce Self Injurious Behaviours. The students were introduced to a program comprising of activities to improve Compliance, Attending/ Orienting to Social Stimuli-Responding to one's Name, Joint Attention - Supported, Coordinated, Imitation- Motor and Vocal Actions and Learning Social Rules. They were made to acquire the skills through reinforcement and operant conditioning. A paired samples t test was conducted to compare the understanding of the target skills at the pretest and post test conditions. Results showed that the Behaviour Technology applied was statistically significant at 95% confidence level, indicating that the intervention has brought effective changes in the behaviour of the children.
The study was designed to determine whether patients with schizophrenia and those with bipolar disorders who are currently depressed display a common pattern of attentional deficits .The sample comprised of 60 patients who were randomly selected from 2 different hospitals in Thrissur district.Out of total 60 samples ,30 were schizophrenics and 30 were bipolar patients who are currently depressed. The tools used were socio demographic data sheet, Colour Trails Test (D'Elia et al., 1996), Digit Vigilance Test (Lezak,1995) and Triad Test (NIMHANS) the subtests taken from NIMHANS Neuropsychological Battery(2004).The collected data were statistically analyzed with the help of 't'test The study reveals that the deficits is seen in both groups in all the 3 areas of attention,but having more severity in schizophrenics. And there is significant difference in focused attention among schizophrenics with respect to gender. Also,there is significant difference in focused attention among bipolar patients with respect to gender.No significant difference in sustained attention and divided attention in both study groups with respect to gender.