This study investigated the effect of metacognitive strategy instruction on the mathematical problem solving of elementary school students with learning disabilities. The study took place over a fourteen-week period with 40 sixth grade students. The experimental group (n=20) was taught through metacognitive strategy instruction. At the same time the students in the control group (n=20) received no additional activities and continued their normal lessons. Students were pre-and post-tested with the Mathematical Word Problem Solving Assessment Short Form (MPSA-SF). Results of the present investigation are meaningful in terms of the present research objective. The strategy instruction proved to be effective in improving perception, attitude towards mathematical problem solving, knowledge, use and control of mathematical problem solving strategies of students with learning disabilities.
The integrated education for children with hearing impairment is not uncommon at the school level in the state of Andhra Pradesh, India. Each district has an integrated school for children with hearing impairment. These integrated schools contributed significantly in social integration. The study aimed to evaluate attitudes of both hearing and hearing impaired trainees towards integrated industrial training institute. The participants consisting 43 each deaf and hearing trainees of vocational training centre working in different vocations like machinists, electricians, turners, and fitters participated in the study. The participants were individually administered 5-point rating scale to study the attitude of deaf and hearing trainees towards integrated vocational training. The scores on attitude scale were compared against variables like hearing/deafness, trade, age, education, school set up, state of domicile and efficiency in the mode of communication of the participants. No significant difference was found between the attitude of deaf and hearing individuals towards integrated vocational training centers. The individuals belonging to electrician group demonstrated high positive attitude than other vocations. No significant difference in attitude observed with respect to age of trainees. The results revealed positive attitude of both deaf and hearing trainees towards integrated vocational training centers.
Suicide ideation can be reflection of presence of overwhelming stressful situations. There are individual differences in ways coping to such stressful situations is achieved. Out of many of those factors which are associated with an individual's choice of coping strategy, this study aims at understanding the association of distress tolerance with the various coping strategies. Every coping strategy requires differential level of cognitive, emotional, psychological resources. The adaptive coping strategies require more resources as compared to maladaptive coping strategies. The distress tolerance affects the amount of resources available with an individual for achieving coping. Therefore, it is hypothesized that in both the groups i.e. suicide ideators and non ideators, there will be positive correlation between distress tolerance and adaptive coping styles (rational & detached) and negative correlation between distress tolerance and maladaptive coping styles (emotional & aversive). To test this hypothesis, 80 young adults (Male = 39 and Female = 41) completed the measures of distress tolerance scale and coping strategies questionnaire. The findings of this study indicated that distress tolerance is related with coping styles.
The objective of the study is to determine the effect of parent's socio economic background on mathematics anxiety and academic achievement in high school students. The sample comprised 540 (268 boys and 272 girls) 8th, 9th and 10th grade high school students from Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil nadu states. Mathematics anxiety scale (MAS) was administered to the sample and parent's socio economic background are explained by variables such as age, education and income. The results have revealed that among the parent's socio economic background variables, only parent's education has a negative correlation with mathematics anxiety and multivariate regression for this model revealed that combination of age, income and education can be a good predictor for mathematics anxiety. The second part of results also exposed that parent's income and parent's education has a significant positive correlation with mathematics anxiety and multivariate regression for this model also revealed that combination of parent's socio economic background can be a good predictor for Mathematics anxiety. On the basis of these findings, it was recommended that special classes should be provided for training of parents and they should be prepared in counseling and pedagogical classes.
Teaching is a noble profession. A teacher always tries a lot of methods to teach the children to bring them up. Play is critical component of pre-school children development. The study investigated the effect of competitive activity based play on learning colour concept among children with mental retardation at pre-primary level. 10 students having zero colour concept selected for the study are attending preprimary class, Special education centre, Secunderabad, AP. The age ranges of students were between 5-7 years. Students in experiment group (N= 5) were taught colour concepts through competitive activity based play way method. And the control group (N=5) was taught through conventional method. A total 30 sessions (15 red +15 yellow and generalization of red and yellow colour) were carried out for both the groups. Performance was evaluated after 15 sessions. The results of the study indicated that the experimental group achieved a higher performance in learning colour concept when compared to control group. In addition the rate of learning and generalization of the colours was learnt faster by the subjects in experimental group than the control group. The findings of the study revealed that competitive activity based play way method is effective when compared with conventional method in teaching colour concept.
Memory difficulties often act as a hurdle to performance for both adults as well as children suffering from temporal lobe epilepsy. Research reviews implicate the seizure process, AEDs as well as diffidence and de-motivation as possible causes. Scholastic implications of these deficits are high. This study attempts to explore material specific deficits using visual material (Spreen and Strauss, 1998); Family pictures, (WMS III, 1997) and verbal material (CVLT-C, Delis, 1994; Verbal Paired Associates, WMS III, 1997) comparing performance of adults and children on these tasks, with a view to tease out potential learning strategies that may help academic performance.
A sample of 36 Learning disabled (LD) was identified from 160 discrepant achievers, screened from 1140 male students belonging to 3rd, 4th and 5th grade levels of three English medium schools located in Western suburb of Mumbai. Standard scores and regression methods were used to compute aptitude achievement discrepancy. Those whose difference score fell between -10 and -100 and 1 std. error of estimate below the predicted scores commonly at least in two school subject were considered discrepant achievers. Of these who were rated at or above 75th percentile on BCSLD were further administered WISC III. Those who scored P>V at least by 12 to 15 points were designated LD. Learning disabled were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (N=18 each group). The experimental group was exposed to treatment whereas the control group had none. But they did take pre-test and all the post tests. First round of treatment was given for 15 days followed by remediation testing exercises. Quite a few did not reach the criterion. Hence a second course of treatment was given followed by posttest (O2). A third posttest (O3) was done after a blank period of next 15 days, to test persistence of gain scores. Total score on Intellectual Achievement Responsibility (IAR) questionnaire was the dependent, post test measure. 2 X 4 repeated measures ANOVA revealed that Cognitive Behaviour Modification based strategy training did succeed in altering the external Locus of Control Orientation of LD Children to internal control.
Objective of this case study was finalized to explore gainful employment opportunities for the intellectually challenged in the broad spectrum of economic activities and to analyze various factors and conditions which could make employment feasible. Mild mentally challenged adolescent of age of 17 years was selected from a special school to teach adequate adaptive skills for spiral binding and build up confidence, social adaptive skills, in mild mentally challenged adolescent. Three months training was given and after that performance was noted for gross motor, fine motor, skills required for spiral binding. After training it is revealed that he gains confidence, remarkable improvement in the performance by using required skills like managing the paper, pressing handle of the machine and in much lesser time he completes the task by putting the string in the holes appropriately. It is concluded that step by step independent training programme with demonstration method can improve vocational skills in a mild intellectually impaired adolescent.
The literature has frequently shown how parents of visually impaired tend to be highly directive and overprotective with their children and the parental rearing style can have negative consequences on the psychological development of visually impaired children. This study investigated the perceived parental rearing style and personality among visually impaired and normal khasi students, a distinct tribe and a matrilineal society of Meghalaya State from North-Eastern Region of India. The study was conducted on a sample of 30 visually impaired and 50 normal students studying in Bethany Society Shillong, an inclusive educational institution. The subjects were assessed with Gerlsma Perceived Parental Rearing Style Questionnaire (PPRSQ) and Kellner Symptom Questionnaire (SQ). The data had been collected through interview technique due to the unavailability of tests in Braille Script. The results revealed that visually impaired students have shown significantly more overprotection and favouring subject as compared to normal students and the normal students have more rejection in comparison to visually impaired students. The visually impaired students and normal students did not differ significantly on the factor emotional warmth of PPRSQ. The comparison of visually impaired and normal students on anxiety, depression, somatic problems and anger hostility indicated significantly higher anxiety and anger hostility in normal students in comparison to visually impaired students. Results suggested that parents of visually impaired students overprotect the child to shield them from harm. However, this can produce anxiety among them which may actually cause more damage while the rejection from the parents in normal students produces anger hostility among them. The study highlights the effects of overprotection on the psychological development of visually impaired and also the effect of rejection on personality of Khasi students and has educational implications for parents of visually impaired children as well as normal students in Khasi society.