The study was conducted in the four districts of the two States (Chittoor & Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh and Madurai & Chennai in Tamilnadu) in South India to identify the occupational stress of teachers working in the special schools for visually impaired children. The sample consisted of 87 teachers working in the schools for visually impaired children. A five point Rating Scale to assess the occupational stress of teachers and a Checklist to identify the infrastructure facilities in the schools for visually impaired children were used. The results revealed that 70% of the teachers were experiencing high and moderate levels of occupational stress, whereas 30% are with low level of stress. Further, poor organizational structure, inadequate professional training, lack of interpersonal and professional interactions and insufficient instructional assignments and arrangements are generating stress among the special education teachers working in the schools for visually impaired children. The teachers working in the schools with good and moderate infrastructure facilities were experiencing low levels of stress compared to the teachers working in the schools with poor infrastructure facilities.
The total number of people suffering from Epilepsy in our country is quite large. There is accumulating evidence that epilepsy must be considered as a major risk factor for childhood development and learning difficulties. This study was aimed at comparing the cognitive functions and academic achievement of children having Epilepsy with those not having Epilepsy, with both groups being referred for academic difficulties. The study sample consisted of two groups of children, one with no history of Epilepsy (N=39) and the other with a history of Epilepsy (N=31) in the age range of 8 to 12.11 years. The cognitive and academic functions were assessed using standardized assessment tools. The study showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in specific areas of cognition; however no significant difference was found in information processing skills and academic achievement measures.
The present study is concerned with suggesting a psychotherapeutic plan for mentally challenged children on the basis of their deviant behaviour. A sample of 80 mentally challenged children was taken by using purposive random sampling method. A checklist constructed by Peshawaria, Venkatesan and Menon(1990) was used to explore the deviant behaviour of mentally challenged children. They were found to be highly aggressive, overactive and irritating in nature. On the basis of their deviant behaviour, a psychotherapeutic plan is suggested for mentally challenged children to bring behavioural modifications in them.
Sexuality and its manifestations constitute some of the most complex of human behavior. Female sexual dysfunction is a real problem that affects about 25-50% of women. Sexual Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ) was administered to 75 anxiety and 75 depressed female patients. Besides, information regarding demographic variables such as age, religion, type of family, income, educational qualification, and number of children were collected from them. Percentage, and t test were done for analyzing the collected data of the two groups. Results showed significant differences between the group of patients with anxiety and the group of patients with severe depressive disorders in Sexual Functioning such as desire, arousal-lubrication, arousal-sensation, orgasm, dyspareunia, personal relationship, subjective arousal and enjoyment.
The present study was an attempt to study gender differences in adjustment among physically challenged and normal children. The total sample comprised of 80 children. Out of these 40 were physically challenged and 40 were normal children. The 40 physically challenged children were further divided into male and female groups of 20 children in each group. Similarly 40 normal children were also divided into male and female children of 20 children in each group. Thus, a 2x2 factorial design was used in the present investigation. Physically challenged children were selected from Viklang Bhawan, Patna and normal children were taken from Govt Girls School and Govt Boys School, Patna. The age of the children ranged from 14 to 18 yrs. All children were randomly selected. The adjustment inventory for school students developed by Sinha and Singh (1971) was used to measure the adjustment of the subjects. It measures adjustment in the following areas, that is, emotional, social, educational and overall adjustment. Results showed significant main effect of gender at .01 level on emotional adjustment. However main effect of group and interaction effect were not found to be significant at .05 level on this dimension. Main effect of group and gender were not found to be significant, however interaction effect was significant (F=4.608, P <0.05) on social adjustment. Main effect of group (F=9.662, P <0.01) and significant interaction effect (F=4.468, P <0.05) were found on educational adjustment. On overall adjustment main effect of group, gender and interaction effect were not found to be significant at .05 levels.
The present case study attempts to examine and highlight the role of holistic intervention approach in the neuropsychological rehabilitation of a 43 year old married male from middle socio economic status, diagnosed as having Hemiparesis. His reported problems in the areas of memory, speech, marital and interpersonal relations were assessed in details using semi structured interview, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and NIMHANS Neuropsychological Battery. Cognitive deficits were found in his visual and verbal memory. He was found to be moderately depressed with death wishes and had significant marital disharmony including sexual dissatisfaction and other interpersonal problems following the onset of neurological symptoms. A holistic intervention package including Cognitive Retraining, Marital Therapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy was developed. Outcome was assessed using same tools after thirty five sessions of interventions spread over four months. Cognitive retraining of twenty five sessions , thrice a week, improved his visual memory by 40% to 80% and verbal memory by 50% to 70% in the various sub areas. Following CBT, he had mild depression with no death wishes. Marital harmony increased changing communication patterns, expectations towards his role and responsibilities and increasing sexual intimacy by using various techniques. Therapy also included work with the caregiver to lessen the perceived burden and increase her own quality of life. Details of the therapeutic work and techniques are presented here.
The present study was designed to compare Fear of death anxiety among CML cancer and breast cancer patients. The sample consisted of 40 subjects including 20 CML cancer patients and 20 breast cancer patients in the age range of 20-40 years from Cancer Department, Kamayani Hospital, Agra. Fears of Personal Death Scale by Rajamanicom (1999) was used to measure the fear of death anxiety among CML and breast cancer patients. No significant difference has been found in the death anxiety among CML cancer patients and Breast cancer patients.
A sample of 50 underprivileged children in the age group of 2- 4 years old was purposively drowned from two preschools of city Hisar of State Haryana. Data were collected with the help of Pandey's Cognitive Development Test for Preschoolers (1992). The mean performance of the children on different aspects of cognitive abilities was calculated and children with low scores were identified. An intervention programme was administered to low performers. Results indicated that the majority of the children were having poor level of concept development but they performed better after imparting the intervention programme to them.