One hundred and twenty adolescent deviant boys were randomly assigned into two experimental groups and one control group. The two experimental groups underwent yoga- cognitive training (YCT) and human relationship training (HRT) respectively. The control group did not get any training for the entire period. The trainings were administerd to adolescent school boys for a period of one year, weekly twice. The parents of the adolescent boys of the experimental groups were given parent management training (PMT). The study adopted before- after design. The collected data were analyzed by using critical ratio (CR). The results show that both exprimental groups had significant changes in their maladjustment and antisocial behaviors. When the respective effect of the training was compared, yoga- cognitive training had better effect than the human relationship training. The follow-up of these groups showed that the behavior change in the adolescent boys was sustained.
The process of reading primarily depends on the visual and auditory perceptual processes. Perception of `whole', the principal view of Gestalt psychologist plays an important role in reading. Perception of all attributes of letters and words in sentences (as whole) felicitate the process of reading among children. In the primary stage children are not trained about the process of things within their surroundings, as a result most of the children faced a great trouble in perception of things in a correct manner. Poor knowledge of perceptual process affects the reading and learning process among the children in future. Visual discrimination between the letters i.e. "b", "d", "p", "q", "m" and "w" and auditory perceptual discrimination between the words i.e. "want", "went" "pin" "pen" and "run", "ran" etc cause various reading errors like reversion of letters and words, pause and others in reading. These problems are very common among the children with reading disabilities. Sound Knowledge of Gestalt principles i.e. law of proximity, law of continuity, law of closure, and law of figure and ground perception etc are the most important factors influencing fluent reading. Lack of Gestalt perception cause reading disabilities. In this article, the author emphasized the role of Gestalt princples in reading and how the teacher and the therapist teach reading to the children with the help of all Gestalt principles to make the reading process more effective.
An investigation was carried out in Haryana on 60 respondents from various schools of rural area of Hisar district, preferably students with low academic performance in the ciass were selected for the study which were of age between the 6-8 years. McCarthy scales of children abilities, visual motor integration test (VMI) directionality sub test were used to detect the LD among the children. The mothers of LD children were also interviewed to find out the opinion of mothers and causes responsible for disability among the children through self structured interview schedule. It was observed that the parents who were not able to provide their children with good resources, proper care, academic and play material suffered from two or more learning disabilities. Parents also had opinion that due to lack of resources, education and motivation, they could not provide their children healthy environment for learning.
The mental processes used by the physician for diagnosis are highly complex and various formalisms to model the physician's reasoning process have been made in the past. However, these models are computationally intensive and their applicability to represent the physician's reasoning may be inappropriate. This viewpoint is substantiated in the article, with a consideration of the known limitation of human perception and information processing. Further, a computationally non-intensive model which conforms to the limitations is proposed, and a symbolic logic for the same is presented. Lack of incorporation of negative evidence for a diagnostic hypothesis from patient information for the reasoning process, is a shortcoming in the model. Preliminary evaluation of the model indicates merit for further research and it would be interesting to investigate, whether the model applies to the general human reasoning process of diagnosing causes/ precedents from observations.
The study examined Mental Health and Individualistic-Collectivistic values among different ethnic groups of Manipur. 120 Working and Non-working males and females, 40 each from three ethnic groups of Manipur namely Meiteis, Kukis, and nagas, served as the sample of the study. All these three ethnic groups are culturally, linguistically and religiously different from one another. The impact of sex and working status on the Mental Health and Individualistic-Collectivistic values were also taken into consideration. The data were obtained by administering Mental Health scale by Husain and Sharma (1996) and Individualistic-Collectivistic Assessment Inventory by Matsumoto (1995). Data of this multiple designed study were treated with the help of Analysis of Variance and t-test. The three ethic groups showed high significance of difference in the individualistic-collectivistic values. Significant difference was also found between working and non-working people on their mental health scores. As regard to sex, it was found that males and females did not differ significantly on their mental health scores and individualistic-collectivistic values.
This paper discusses that Juvenile delinquents differ significantly on different dimensions of figural and verbal creativity such as flexibility and originality where as fluency did not show any significant difference. In case of Total Creativity both the group scored identical and did not show any difference.
An early intervention model was designed with emphasis on problem solving as an important aspect of cognitive skill training in infants and toddlers with developmental delays. The model called as Problem Solving Interactive Model (PSIM) was designed and tested on 45 children with developmental delays. The efficacy of the Problem Solving Interactive Model (PSIM) was determined from intervention outcome indicators like Mental Age (MA), Mental Development Index (MDI) and Deviation Mental Quotient (DMeQ) derived from Bayleys Scale of Infant Development. The pre to post test differences on all the intervention outcome indicators were highly significant in experimental group MA (t=23.70), MDI (t=4.099), Dmeq(t=2.64) and BPST(t=27.93),indicating the efficacy of the Problem Solving Interactive Model.
This study was designed to elicit the views of students with visual impairment (studying in special schools) on their integration. Participants were 29 students in the age range of 14 years to 25 years. A questionaire made in Braille was used to know their views. It attempted to know from them whether they wanted to have (i) general interaction with non-disabled students (ii) academic integration (iii) co-curricular integration. The findings of the study are interesting in showing that the majority of the students wants to meet, interact, study and participate in co-curricular activities with the non-disabled students in general schools
Employment is central to the experience of adulthood of majority. Problems in getting or maintaining a job, as well as the actual qualities of the job, have important implications for mood. Likewise, salient events and experiences external to the workplace may increase the risk for mood-related disorders. Whether depression is a result of workplace stressors, factors unrelated to the job, or a combination of both, it will almost certainly affect work functioning negatively. This decrease in functioning may lead to a multitude of complex costs for the employer as well as a reduction in self-esteem and a further worsening of depression for the individual. Depression is the perceived failure to cope with demands, a perception that is often expressed as anxiety, tension, to give up or to surrender to hopelessness and self-torchure. It gets in the way , of employees, of then fulfilling the responsibilities on the job. This paper demystifies the environmental characteristics of workplace that may stimulate feelings of depression and how depression effects the performance of an employee. The paper also explains the maintenance of gains, an organization and individual can follow to minimize depression and maximize production