Present investigation has aimed at studying anxiety and depression in asthma patients. Sample of the present study consisted of 80 subjects. Out of these, 40 were asthma patients and 40 were normal (disease free). The Sample of 40 in each group was further divided into two groups, 20 were males and 20 were females. Anxiety was measured by Sinha's Anxiety Scale and Depression was measured by Back Depression Inventory. Results were analyzed with the help of t-test. Results showed that on anxiety, asthma patients scored higher than normal group, female asthma scored higher than male asthma, and asthma female scored higher than normal female. On depression, asthma patients scored higher than normal, asthma female scored higher than asthma male, asthma female scored higher than normal female, and asthma male scored higher than asthma male. However, in other comparisons, significant differences were not observed.
Over the last many years world has experienced and increasing trend in drug addiction. The problem of drug addition is becoming a menace for all society. The widespread use of drugs among youth in India particularly North-East India poses a threat to whole country and its serious effect are well known. The present study was intended to investigate the psychological symptoms related to drug addiction among Mizo youth, a rare tribe in North East India. The symptom questionnaire (Kellner, 1987) was administered on 50 drug addicts (25 male, 35 female( and 50 non drug addicts (50 male, 50 female) from Aizwal city capital of Mizoram. The age of subjects ranges between 15-25 years. Other psycho-social variables were approximately equally distributed across the sample. The symptom questionnaire (Kellner, 1987) was used to assess anxiety, depressiion, somatic concern and anger hostility symptoms. The psychological autopsy of drug addicts (male and female) has shown high level of anxiety, depression and anger hostility. The drug addicts also exhibited more psycho-somatic problems. Its is evident from the findings of the study that psychological symptom: anxiety, depression, and anger hostility do play a significant role in drug addiction. It also provides base for counseling and rehabilitation of drug addicts.
The present study aimed at exploring the possible correlates of academic achievement of orthopaedically challenged women especially in relation to parent's income & education. The sample consists of 25 (N=25) orthopaedically challenged women gathered by situational sampling technique from different school .The tools used were : Socio-economic background (income, occupation, education) schedule, Ravens progressive Matrices Test, Academic Achievement- School & College record. Median test, Chi square, Rank difference correlation were used as statistical measure. Findings indicate significant relationship between academic achievement & intelligence of the orthopaedically challenged women which is a quite established fact. The findings also indicate mother's education to be a significant correlate for the academic achievement of the orthopaedically challenged women.
The present study attempts a retrospective and cross sectional case history analysis of data on clinical presentations of 180 children diagnosed with learning disabilities. Their chronological ages ranged between 2-16 years and class levels from kindergarten to tenth with varying study syllabi. Parent reports of presenting complaints in their children spanned from specific speech delays during preschool ages, to difficulties in pre-academic activities and writing problems during kindergarten ages, followed by mixed disturbances in reading, writing and spelling problems during early primary school years. This is followed by a reported presentation of behavioural difficulties in later middle school ages of these children. The learning disabilities seem to present in disguised forms as externalizing/ internalizing problems. Much later, during pre-adolescence/adolescence, the disability manifests as neurotic disturbances like sadness. anxiety, obsessions, compulsions and phobias or as prodromal symptoms of newly shaping passive, aggressive, antisocial or some such personality disorders. The study also highlights the not-so-straight course of learning disabilities. This as evidenced by statistically significant differences between the various stages at which a given child is diagnosed with the same problem. Thereby, these findings convey the great risk of misdiagnoses and faulty therapeutic program planning in the hands of an artless diagnostician-if the stage or age of the clinical presentation in a given case is not taken into consideration. The implications of these findings are unique to Indian conditions and possibilities of further research in the area are recommended.
Learning disabilities include language disabilities also, which are quiet common among children, students and adults. Dyslexia and Aphasia are the common language disabilities, which lead to difficulty in comprehension and speech disorders. The language disorder is called 'aphasia'. Aphasia sometimes called 'dysphasia' is an acquired language disorder. Language, being the main means of symbolic expression, would be centrally affected, but so would other forms of behaviour involving symbols such as the ability to see analogies between objects, understand traffic signs, make color associations and interpret gestures. There would be changes in the intellectual capacity of the 'aphasic patient' such as inability to remember, draw logical conclusions, perform arithmetical operations or pay attention. There would be general reduction in efficiency. A more specific conception of aphasia defines it solely as a linguistic pathology. One dictionary of communicative disorders, sees it as a “Communication disorder” caused by brain damage and characterized by complete or partial impairment of language comprehension, formulation and use, Aphasic patients will be very much the same as they were before, in all respects, bar their reduced ability in speaking, comprehending, reading or writing. In this paper the authors have explained the concept of Aphasia and its types. The symptoms of various types of Aphasia are explained. The research in Aphasia is gaining momentum in western countries whereas in our country it is in the initial stage. The authors have stressed the importance of carrying out research in the field of language disorders.
The present investigation necessitated the use of Raven's Colored Progressive Matrices, Arithmetic Diagnostic Test and Behavioral Checklist in order to screen and assess the dyscalculia among the selected 115 children. The stepwise process involved in the confirmation of dyscalculia included elimination of children on the grounds of being subnormal in intelligence, under age and those with normal behavior. Thus the procedure lead to the final result of only 36 children as confirmed dyscalculic. Among the identified dyscalculics, 77.7% were boys and remaining 22.3% were girls. These findings amplify the need for orientation and equipping the primary school teachers to handle children with difficulties in learning especially in maths. A training module with three components of rationale, curriculum and strategies and techniques for remediation was developed based on the aspects related to basic errors in mathematical computations and behavioral manifestations of children experiencing dyscalculia.
Learning can become a nightmare when there are memory problems, difficulties in following directions, trouble with the visual or auditory perception of information and an inability to perform paper-and-pencil tasks. Students with learning disabilities show significant school acquired learning difficulties and need special education to help them reach their full potential in school. Persons with learning disability are average or above average in intelligence. They, despite being slow, possess the ability and motivation to perform the task accurately but, are hampered by high cognitive load which requires slow and sustained efforts. Most students with learning disabilities have symptoms which can be linked to mathematical difficulties commonly referred as dyscalculia/discalcula. Factors that play a role in mathematics learning include language, conceptual, visual, spatial and memory abilities. Proper identification and remediation may reduce the wastage and stagnation and thereby can enhance educational status of our children.
Learning disabilities signify inadequate development in a specific area of academic, language, speech or motor skills. Since self esteem and adjustment involving complex psychological processes play important roles in the life of individuals, children with learning disabilities and attention deficit hyperactive order may have deficit in self-esteem and adjustment. The present study endeavors to explore this difference in a total sample of 45 children in the age group of 14-18. In this group, 15 children had learning disabilities, 15 had Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder and 15 were normal children. It is concluded that Problems like LD & ADHD among children not only impede their academics achievements but also affect their psychological growth and pattern of adjustment.