Developmental abnormalities in the nervous system result in dysfunctions. This gives rise to disorders of intelligence, one of which is mental retardation (MR). The commonest test used in measuring the level of intelligence in a person is the intelligence quotient (IQ) level. In the present study, the IQ level was tested on 426 children (261 boys and 165 girls) with MR who visited the Division of Human Genetics, St. John's Medical College, Bangalore. IQ levels of <50 was observed in 60% of the males and 51-70% in 64% IQ levels of <50 was observed in 40% of the females and 51-70 in 36%. The present study emphasizes the importance of stimulating the children by different activities so that they are able to do their basic day to day work by themselves.
The present study was conducted to assess family environment and social adjustment of hearing impaired children. It further aimed to provide them intervention in the needbased areas. The sample for the study comprised of 15 hearing impaired children in the age group of 10-17 years, their parents, siblings and teachers. Results reveal that the disability of majority of the sample was detected late as a consequence of which the speech of these children was affected. Most of the parents were found to provide supportive environment to the hearing impaired children and exhibited adaptability in adjusting to the special needs of their impaired children. The parents also reported incidences of negative social response. A one-day intervention programme was also organized for the parents of hearing-impaired children in an attempt to provide them with expert advice and support.
The study was aimed to examine the relationship of religiosity, religious performance and helping behaviour with life-satisfaction in aged. A sample of one hundered aged (60 years and above) subjects of both sexes (males and females) selected from rural as well as urban areas on the basis of non-random purposive sampling basis. The subjects were administered measures of religiosity, religious performance, helping behaviour and life satisfaction, uniformly in a structured interview form. Pearson's co-efficient of correlation was calculated and multiple regression (stepwise) was done. Results revealed that religiosity (r = 0.61), religious performance (r = 0.33) help given to others in a month time (r = 0.31), years time (r = 0.37) and life time (r = 0.29) were significantly and positively related with life satisfaction. Satisfaction from help given to others and received from others was also positively related with life satisfaction. Help received from others in a month time was negatively related with life satisfaction. Religiosity, satisfaction from help given to others, help received in month time and help given in a year turned out to be the significant predictors of life satisfaction accounting 53 percent of the variance.
The study compared schizophrenics showing positive and negative symptoms specifically aiming at three aspects of cognitive functions: the attention function, the executive function and the visuo-percepto-motor function. The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) was used to discriminate schizophrenics into positive and negative categories. The three subtests of WAIS; DST, PAT, and BDT were used to measure the cognitive functioning. Results indicated pronounced cognitive deficits in negative schizophrenics compared to positive schizophrenics especially in the executive function.
Consistently increasing rate of psychosomatic disorders and dissatisfaction with life in general well reflect the high stress being experienced by majority of people in present day world. The current research is an examination of the psychosomatic problems in diabetic patients. The diabetic patients were compared with non-diabetics. The results showed that diabetics were significantly affected from psychosomatic disorders than nondiabetics. The findings reveal that female diabetics are more affected from psychosomatic disorders as compared to male diabetics.
.Parenting is the most essential and enduring function acknowledged by society. Parents are primarily responsible for the growth and nurturance of their children. If teachers and other professionals include parents in their services then the ensuing endeavour can become much more effective for children with special needs. To succeed the support and participation of parents is essential for any disability prevention programme, any intervention measure or any educational programme. Partnership between parents and professionals such as teachers, can flourish only when there is a mutually respectful communication between them. Communication is the key to developing and maintaining an effective relationship. This paper throws light on the barriers existing between parent teacher communication and how information and communication technology can come to its rescue.
The study is intended to measure whether there is any significant difference in the Achievement in Mathematics and in the Psychological Variables like School Adjustment and Self-Concept between the Visually Impaired and the Normal Secondary School Pupils. A sample of 500 Normal and 147 Visually Impaired pupils studying in 9th standard, in the Integrated System of Education, in the State of Kerala, were selected. Achievement Test in Mathematics for IX Standard pupils, Self Concept Questionnaire (SCQ)and School Adjustment Inventory (SAI) were made use of. Results revealed that there exists significant difference at 0.01 level, between Visually Impaired and Normal pupils in respect of their School Adjustment, Self-Concept and Achievement in Mathematics.
Children who are loud, disruptive and refuse to listen can cause great anguish to their families. Distressed and annoyed parents often resort to severe discipline that has a negative impact on the child. Children slow at school work don't finish the work that they start and are withdrawn. They often scolded by worried parents, who think they lack dedication and often put them under harder workloads. This too has a negative impact on the child. A major cause of this behaviour is nutrient deficiency and faulty food habits the in modernized world. Brain function may be sensitive to borderline deficiencies of some nutrients such as iron, Iodine, B-vitamins and Decosahexaenoic acid, even in children who are well nourished with energy and few vitamins. Results on univariate analysis do indicate a significant relationship between nutritional status and mental development of children, with the better nourished children scoring higher on tests of intelligence.
Education of children with disabilities has never received such amount of consideration and special efforts by government and non-government agencies in the past as in the present days. Now inclusive education is the most feasible plan of getting across education to each child. When a country talks about education, it is education for all without leaving any one. The fact of the matter is that normal kids stand as much of a chance of learning from those with disability and vice-versa. If all children were to study under a more uniform system, it would enrich their experience, improve their exposure and raise social sensitivity level. This paper focuses on the obstacles in implementation of inclusive education and explains the role of special schools, teachers, parents and administrators in it's implementation.