80 slow learners aged four to six years old (40 boys and 40 girls), I.Q. range 70-90 and 80 children who were average learners (40 boys and 40 girls), I.Q. range 90-110 were selected. Standford-Binet Intelligence Scale (1986) was used to assess I.Q. and an interview schedule was prepared to study the associated factors. Frequency, percentage and correlation coefficients were used to draw the results. Results revealed that factors like size of family, type of family, occupation, education and income of parents, indoor and outdoor facilities in school, and various activities and competitions organised in school were found to be positively and significantly correlated with children who were slow and average learners.
Hearing impairment whether partial or whole, adversely affects educational performances & overall personality of the child. In the present study, an attempt has been made to understand & compare the self concept and adjustment of hearing impaired children with normal children. The results, however shows significant differences with respect to both the variables between the two groups. Certain guidelines have been proposed in the study to improve the overall personality of hearing impaired children so that they can grow to feel better both physically and psychologically.
Success of development strategies can be expected only when it is informed to the target population. So, access to information is the sine qua non in the path to reap the benefits of welfare programs. This study is an attempt to assess the level of information exposure of the housewives with regard to political, economic and social development. The study was confined to two districts of the State of Orissa and a total of 400 samples were chosen randomly. The data pertaining to the study were collected through a structured interview schedule which consisted of segments like socio-economic background; their information level relating to political, economic and social information and available sources of information for the respondents. Statistical methods like frequency, percentage, mean coefficient of correlation and student’s t-test were used for the purpose of analysis. The results revealed a higher level of information with the urban housewives as compared to the rural housewives. Moreover, more number of urban housewives adhered to the print media to obtain information while none of them had recognized the importance of extension personnel in supplying information. Also, the study revealed that almost all the socio-economic variables had influenced the level of information of the respondents.
The American Psychiatric Association (1995) defines disorder as an individual impairment or dysfunction that causes distress to the person or increased risk of death, pain, disability or loss of freedom. There are children who never sit still, pay little attention, never think before they act, nor do well in school and lag behind their peers. These children exhibit the symptoms of inattention and impulsivity and a combination of both is said to be Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. In this paper, the authors have explained the concept of ADHD in children. This paper has also explained the intellectual, academic and cognitive characteristics, apart from social and conduct problems of ADHD children. The biophysical factors, dietary factors, psycho-social and environmental factors associated with ADHD are clearly spelt out by the authors. The ways and means of assessment of ADHD in children are clearly explained. Further, the Pharmacological Treatment, Behavioural Interventions and MultiModal Treatments are dealt in detail. They have also stressed the need for a combination of the above treatments at home, school, community and hospitals involving parents, teachers, peer group and psychiatric or medical personnel.
Present study was preceded with the selection of sample of 300 pregnant women at the 3rd timester of pregnancy through purposive sampling from Antenatal clinics/obstetric clinics/hospitals. The different anthropometrical measurements and antenatal records like weight gain during pregnancy, term, weight and diameter of the placenta and length and weight of their neonates were taken carefully through respective standard procedures. Other data regarding their general health was found out through questionnaire. Chi test was employed to draw statistical inferences. Obtained results revealed that vomiting, heartburn were the major complications observed in women but in all no significant association was found among complications during pregnancy with any of the indices of course and outcome of the pregnancy. Occurrence of diarrhea, fever were found more prevalent than other infections in sample pregnant women, moreover maternal infections were found to have significant association with weight gain, term and placental weight status.
Autism is a spectrum disorder. As a fact it causes the problem of social interaction and communication skills of both verbal and non-verbal. This is an in-depth case study research based on an individual autistic child of 5 years 4 months. The child has attention span deficit and lack of concentration to any activity for more than 2 minutes. The child is unable to speak a single word but had a coded language of his own which is least understood by others. His handwriting is very poor and can be able to write alphabet and numbers from 1 to 50 with support. But the child has significant intellectual ability equivalent to 12.5 years of normal children. His concept, content, sequential logic, abstract thinking and visual spatial skills are exceptionally better compared to 14 years of normal children which is unbelievable and demands special instructional strategies to utilize his potentials.
The present investigation purports to find out the efficacy of emotional stability on the study habits of visually disabled students. The results reveal that children with high emotional stability have better study habits than their counterparts with low emotional stability. These results are quite alarming as the quality of study habits determines the level of educational performance of the children. It is suggested that Parents' Training Centres and Guidance and Counselling Centres need to be established where parents, siblings, teachers and other members of the society can be taught the techniques of dealing with these children. It is very important to make these children learn how to manage their emotions.
The research reported in this paper is an exploration of effect of AIDS Training Program on the awareness of students with special needs about AIDS and AIDS prevention. The sample for the study consisted of 597 students with three disabilities i.e. physical handicap, visual impairment and hearing & speech impairment. The sample was purposively drawn from various government & NGO run special residential schools from eight districts of Haryana state. The main consideration for the selection of eight districts from four zones of Haryana was that these districts had the maximum number of government & NGO run special residential schools. It was found in the study that the training program as a whole had a significant positive effect in enhancing the awareness of students about ‘AIDS’ and its prevention.