The reasons expressed by 62 parents who placed their mentally retarded wards in residential homes have been studied. The wards level of functioning and nonavailability of appropriate schooling or therapy, day-to-day stress and wards behaviour problems were found to be strong influences on the placement decision. The present study intends to measure the degree to which the above mentioned reasons perceived by the parents were influential in residential home placement.
Three way- classification of variable of levels of regional development (Low, moderate and high), `Employment' (Unemployed and employed) and `beneficiary' (nonbeneficiaries and beneficiaries of development programmes) was aimed for the study on Competition Tolerance. 3x2x2 ANOVA (3 development x 2 employment x 2 beneficiaries) manifested significant independent effects of the entire three main variables : two - factors interactions between `development x employment' and `development x beneficiary', and three - factors interaction between `development x employment x beneficiaries' variables on competition tolerance. Post-hoc means comparisons revealed greater competition tolerance in high than in moderate, and both greater than in subjects of low developed region; in employed than in unemployed, and in beneficiaries than in non-beneficiaries of the development programmes. Analysis of two- factor interaction between `development x employment' and `development x beneficiary' variables revealed that the impact of employment and beneficiary variables are not the same for the levels of regional development. Analysis of `development x employment x beneficiary' interaction confirmed the trends of the two- factors interaction. The results highlight that competition tolerance may well reasonably be taken as an index for measurement of social and cultural change and development.
The present study was designed to examine the efficacy of creativity training on children at risk of depression. One Government school (Malappuram, Kerala) was selected for drawing the sample. Ninety students of age between 9-11 were included in the study, from which 20 boys were selected for the intervention purpose. Depression was measured using Children's Depression Scale (CDS) by Moshe Lang and Miriam Tisher (1978). The creativity training package was used for the intervention purpose. The results show that creativity training is effective for helping children at risk of depression. The experimental group showed more symptom reduction than control group and also showed improvement in pleasure scores.
A comparison was attempted between children identified as children with writing disabilities and normal children studying in grades IV, V and VI of English medium schools, on the kind of errors occurring in their handwriting. It was found that while handwriting errors seemed to occur in both groups with the preponderance of errors being made by children with writing disabilities, the handwriting of normal children as found in some cases to deteriorated as they moved to higher grades. This study also explores the school practices and environmental factors contributing to the errors in the writing of elementary school children.
The present study has been undertaken to find out the relationship of health status of the pre-school aged children of low socioeconomic group with vitamin A (serum retinol µg/dl) status. 300 slum dwelling pre-school aged children were selected by random sampling method. Data regarding their health and weight status have been collected through standard methods. All these results were discussed against vitamin A status grouped as low vitamin A status (10-20 µg/dl and normal vitamin A status (>20 µg/dl). Vitamin A circulated in blood as retinol bound to its specific carrier protein, retinol-binding protein (RBP). In present study serum retional has been estimated through spectrophotometric method. The results show that 67 children has been identified with low vitamin A status remaining 23 children had normal vitamin A status. Occurrence of malnutrition as per weight/age the occurrence of II grade malnutrition is more in low vitamin A status and overweight children are more in normal vitamin A status groups and the health and the morbidity status have been found to be influenced by complication in pregnancy, term of children birth, vaccination status, history of infestation, and infection, no of hospitalization and duration of hospitalization. So to improve the health and morbidity status of the children, they should get proper nutrition and vitamin A supplementation.
Research in special education is still in its infancy stage. Only for this reason visually disabled have been considered having an unusual type of personality which affects their school achievement. The present investigation purports to unfold the prognostic value of family climate and self esteem for academic achievement of visually disabled students after covariating the influence of study habits. The sample in the study consisted of one hundred and eighty two students studying in class sixth to ninth in residential schools. Out of the total sample, sixty high and sixty low achievers were selected. Analysis of covariance was employed for data processing. The results indicate that the level of school achievement can be predicted on the basis of family climate and self esteem of these children. The investigator suggests that efforts should be made to establish Parents' Training Centres and Guidance and Counselling Centres. Attitudinal change is the need of the hour. Parents-Teachers conferences need to be organized. Efforts should also be made for Home-School Collaboration and cooperation which will help raising the self esteem and ultimately the school achievement of the child. Ceaseless efforts by the government, N.G.Os. and voluntary agencies have to be made in this direction.
The present study has been designed to assess the needs of fathers and mothers having mild and moderate mentally challenged children. NIMH "Family Needs Schedule" (parents) was used to identify the needs of 16 fathers and 24 mothers having mildly and moderately challenged children. The present study revealed that fathers having moderate mentally challenged children have significantly more needs in the areas i.e. information - condition, child - management, facilitating - interaction, hostel, personal - emotional, support - physical than their counterparts. It was further found that fathers having mild mentally challenged children have significantly more needs in the areas i.e. marriage and future planning than their counterparts. The present study further revealed that mothers having moderate mentally challenged children have significantly more needs in the areas i.e. information - condition, child - management, facilitating - interaction, personal - emotional, support - physical than their counterparts. It was further inferred that mothers having mild mentally challenged children have significantly more needs in the areas i.e. services, vocational planning, financial and government benefits and legislation than their counterparts.
This paper attempts to measure and compare self-esteem of blind students in integrated and non-integrated educational settings and sighted students in the regular schools keeping the social model of disability in view. A total of 30 blind students and 15 sighted students within the age group of 8 to 12 years were included in the study. In case of the blind students, only totally blind students were included in the sample. Those having more than one type of impairment were not included in the study. Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory-School Form was used to measure selfesteem. Results revealed that although no significant difference was found in the self-esteem between both the groups of blind students as compared to that of the sighted, the home factor appeared to play a significant role in shaping their selfesteem.