Features of the cognitive architecture in the children with visual impairments were studied by comparing them to the sighted children, by making use of the production system framework. Both the groups were provided training in the use of production rules while solving problems in six domains i.e. Mathematics, Pattern Matching, Circle Formation, Resonating, Animal Recognition and Balance Scale task. They were later tested on twelve similar, but different problems and the verbal protocols of the production rules generated by the subjects while solving these twelve problems were noted. These production rules were later analyzed for various response measures, like the number of words used, number of rules generated, quality of production rules, number of features and critical features incorporated in the rules, the time taken in getting trained in the use of these rules and the time taken for the solution of twelve problems in the testing phase by making use of these production rules. Results showed a significant effect of the vision status on the functioning of the cognitive architecture. The children with visual impairments showed a slowness of functioning of cognitive architecture. However, in spite of this, the children with visual impairmetns functioned at an equivalent level with the sighted children, within the framework of the present study.
The present paper speaks of the importance of diagnosis and remediation of prereading and pre-writing difficulties of pre-schoolers. It discusses about the assessment and efficiency of an early detection and remediation program for the same, though it is not the intent of the paper. Pre and post-intervention comparisons indicated significant gains in pre-reading and pre-writing. Implications for diagnosis and remediation for preschoolers who have reading and writing problems are discussed.
The airm of the present investigation was to study the adjustment level of institutionalised delinquents in relation to their types. A sample of 71 delinquents was selected from `Borstal Institution and Juvenile Jail, Hissar'. To measure the aggregate adjustment in five areas i.e. Home, Health, Social, Emotional and School (College), `Vyaktitva-Parakh Prashnavali' by Dr. M.S.L. Saxena was used. The findings of the study revealed that : i) the whole group consisted of five categories of delinquents - Murder, Intentional Murder, Rape, Robbery, Theft, ii) among various categories of delinquents murder cases were highest in number, iii) the large percentage of offenders fall in the age range from 18 to 20 years, iv) the delinquency was not only related to `Poor Adjustment' level but also related to `Satisfactory Adjustment' level, v) the delinquents having `Goods and Excellent Adjustment' were not real delinquents rather they were falsely implicated.
Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. The result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, autism and its associated behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many as 2 to 6 in 1, 000 individuals. Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. Family income, lifestyle, and educational levels do not affects the chance of autism's occurrence. Most of the public, including many professionals in the medical, educational, and vocational fields, are still unaware of how autism affects people and how they can effectively work with individuals with autism. Communication remains a problem for such autistic children and development of appropriate measures to develop good communication skills is the need of the hour.
This study aimed for psychometric adequacy of the Perceived Parental Rearing Style Questionnaire (PPRSQ) in Mizo adults with the objective to (a) form basis for further discriminative validity of the PPRSQ and (b) form empirical basis for further extended studies on the effects of PPRSQ on quality of marriage among randomly sampled couples. It was expected that the PPRSQ would find replicability in the project population. The observations of the study (item-total coefficient of correlation, reliability coefficients as well as the relationships between the four sub-factors of PPRSQ) were observed to be consistent with literature. Though `sex of adult' difference could not be discerned, the effects of `parental sex' especially greater perceived parental emotional warmth (PPEW) sub-factor from mothers than fathers coupled with the observation of the interaction variance between `sex of adult X parental sex' on PPEW, and greater perceived parental overprotection (PPOP) from mothers than from fathers finds implicated explanatory basis from literature. The results revealed that the PPRSQ may well reasonably be used for studies on Socialization Patterns among Mizo.
A pilot project was attempted to assess the effectiveness of genetic counselling that had been done for the past 13 years at the Division of Human Genetics, St. John's Medical College, Banglore, by sending out questionnaires to 178 counselees. Questionnaires were sent out to 100 patients with mental retardation, and to 78 patients with chromosomal abnormalities. 17% of the cases with mental retardation and 7.7% of patients with translocations responded by answering the questionnaire and retuming it to the Division. The questionnaire was designed to assess the counselee's opinion of the services offered, the time factor involved in the counselling, the degree of satisfaction with the counselling received, and the effect that the counselling had on their post-counselling decisions. This paper examines the responses generated on the issues raised by the questionnaire. Most of the respondents appreciated the information given regarding reproductive options A follow-up counselling session for the respondents has been strongly recommended. The overall poor response may be due to outdated addresses, lack of interest, or problems of compehension of the questions asked.
SHG is that sustainable avenue through which the rural poor can be empowered and can improve their living standards. In the present study the researcher had taken group of women from the selected SHGs, who had started their own enterprises through micro-finance scheme. Selected samples had opted for different type of enterprises. From the objective point of views the researcher had collected information through structured interview schedule that revealed their participation behaviours; attitudinal responses of their families and in-laws; problems relating to their entrepreneurships; and their level of information exposure. Statistical analysis showed justified relationships between the causes they viewed and the problems they had experienced.
The study was conducted to compare altruistic behaviour of the blind and the sighted. A 3X2X2 (Congenital Blind, Acquired Blind, Sighted; Males & Females of the two age groups i.e. 13 to 17 yrs. & 18 to 22 yrs.) factorial design was followed. The sample consisted of 360 visually handicapped and sighted males and females. Altruism scale by S.N. Rai and Sanwat Singh was used for data collection. The results revealed that there was a significant difference between altruistic behaviour of congenital blind, acquired blind and the sighted. The congenital blind were found to be more altruistic than the other two groups, sighted were found to be less altruistic than the congenital blind but more altruistic than the acquired blind. Significant difference was found between males and females in favour of females.