In the present study, performance on tasks of selective attention was assessed for patients with Schizophrenia and a Matched normal control group. Each group consisted of 15 Subjects (N = 30). The aim was to find commonalities and differences. `t' test were done to check for significant differences across groups in performance in order to identify exactly which aspects of attention were markedly affected in schizophrenia. No differences were found on the visual search stimuli tasks in the group with schizophrenia. Correlations between the GAF ratings and the performance of the tasks were not significant. The study highlights the marked variance in attention in patients with schizophrenia.
There are various abilities which are required for adequate personal functioning in life. These abilities develop in childhood years when ample opportunities, necessary facilities and appropriate teaching — learning situations are available. A training programme was developed by the reseacher for acquisition of self care (dressing) skills and communication skills. The participants were 15 moderately mentally retarded learners in the age range of 12 to 18 years. The pretest post test design was employed in the study in which the participants were exposed to the training programme for a period of 8 weeks. The results revealed that the learners exhibited significant improvement in overall dressing and communication skills at the end of study.
The present study aims to investigate the effect of stress and sex on Asthma Patients. A sample of 40 male and 40 female asthmatic people were taken for the present study. All reseondents were from G.D. Hospital, B.H.E.L., main Hospital and City Hospital, Haridwar, selected by random sampling techniques. Stress has been studied by using Singh and Kaur (1983) Presumptive Stressful Life Events Scale. Findings reveal that there is a significant effect of stress and sex on asthma. Asthmatic females feel more stress from total life events than their male counterparts.
The social context influences a child's development by providing information about behavioural responses and providing feedback about desirable emotional expression. This helps the child to function adaptively, by building the repertoire of behaviours, as the child is growing. In this context, the construct of "emotion regulation" needs to be studied in-depth. Measuring these aspects of emotion regulation in the laboratory will be helpful to understand emotions in children. Procedures like the "Face to face still face paradigm" are widely used to study these aspects of emotion regulation. Emotion regulation in children encompasses the gamut of varied emotions, which are controlled and shaped by the intrinsic and extrinsic factors. The failure to achieve emotion regulation is called dysregulation which is manifested as aggression, depression, or withdrawal. The growing capacities enable the child to regulate and modulatethe emotional pattern, which is susceptible and vulnerable to environment manipulation.
160 middle aged men and women selected by purposive sampling method were comparatively studied for their life style and food habits through questionaire, interview and observation methods. Obtained results revealed that food habits of normal and hypertensive were significantly different with regard to salt, fibre and saturated food consumption. Normal and hypertensive subjects were also found different in meal patterns and alcohol consumption while cigarette smoking habits and knowledge about the risk factors of hypertension were found near about the same in both types of subjects. Daily stress and relaxation patterns of both the groups were found to be different.
The increasing awareness of the problem of specific learning disabilities has instigated interesting research. The studies vary in their approach as well as the variables considered and this characterises their unique contribution to the field. Learning problems in mathematics have generally received less attention than other academic areas. Research in the area of learning disabilities is of recent origin in India. Considering the magnitude of the task, the limited research in India is insignificant. In the present paper an attempt has been made to understand mathematical disabilities on the basis of studies reviewed.
This study attempts to assess the unmet need, attitude and motivational factors for contraception among married. The sample consisted of 150 users and 150 nonusers of family planning measures. Family-Plaining adoption schedule, family planning attitude scale, motivational checklist and unmet need assessment scale were administered to the respondents individually. The results showed that the degree of positiveness of attitude towards family planning contributes to adoption or nonadoption of family planning methods. It was also observed that different motive patterns were associated with the observance or non-observance of contraception among women. Unmet neet for limiting and spacing were present in women who have never used any family planning measures.
Literature supports studies of children with learning disability in special schools. In this context, Division of Human Genetics at St. John's Medical College actively pursues genetic community health screening programmes to cater to the needs in special schools in and around Bangalore. Four schools have been visitied to find out the completeness of genetic screening of the students with special needs. The study group included 126 children. Common presentation were dysmorphism, microcephaly, cerebral palsy, seizures, autism, Down syndrome, single gene disorders, developmental disorders, and behavioural problems. Among the 43 cases with suspected chromosomal etiology, 21 have been karyotyped. 7 cases were found to be normal and 14 cases were indentified with Down syndrome karyotype. The remaining 22 cases were in need of genetic diagnosis hence, advised chromosomal ayalysis and Genetic Counseling. In the rest, significant findings were not detectable. According to the requirements, patients and family were either referred to various medical specialities or advised to continue the present management regime. Recurrence risk also was discussed with the parents. A regular follow - up was emphasized.