This study investigated the grade and gender differences on stress perception and behavioral problems of 79 visually impaired adolescents, examined the relationship between these two variables and also attempted to find out the familial correlates of stress and behavioral problems. They were between 13-19 years of age and majority of them was from low and low-middle class family background. The students having more than one impairment were not included in the visually impaired category. Hopkin's Symptom Checklist was used to measure stress and teachers were asked to rate students' frequently occurring behavioral problems. Results revealed that the visually impaired females and the students in grade VIII were significantly more stressed than their counterparts. Correlations between stress and behavioral problems were found inverse and significant irrespective of students' grade and gender. Stress had significant negative association with many of the family's socio-economic status variables. Results have been discussed in the light of cognitive appraisal theory of stress socialization process and other relevant explanations.
The Present investigations relate to a comparative study of finding out the gender differences of 25 boys and 25 girls of the age group between 7-8 years and 13-15 years through their freehold memory drawings of an earthquake disaster. Results have shown significant difference based on Indian living conditions of the subjects vis-a-vis their gender differences.
The term `psychology' refers to "a science which seeks to understand, desceribe, predict and control human behaviour". There are different branches of psychology and the one among them is social psychology which means "behavior often occurs in social situations and how social conditions affect the behaviour of the individuals and vice-versa". It involves the psychology of crime, violence, anti social, aggression, paranoia, sadism and so on. In this paper, the authors describe the definitions, characteristics and causes of crime and violence. The psychology of crime and violence is also discussed in detail. A man is born with a variety of urges, and they exist to ensure the preservation and survival of himself, and of his species, these urges occur in different strength or intensity in respect of different people. Even in person, some urge may be more acute than another, or certain combinations of strong and weak urges may be persent in a person. With most people these urges are satisfied in a natural way; but sometimes an urge may be extraordinarily strong, or a person may be unable to satisfy the urge which may give rise to crime and violence. The most important urges are :- nutritive urge, sexual urge, the herd instinct, activity urge and self-assertion urge. Unless and until these urges are satisfied or fulfilled a socity can not escape from the clutches of crime and violence. Further, the paper also deals about some preventive steps to overcome from such social evils.
The present study attempted to investigate the effects of early intervention on cognitive development of 15 disadvantaged children in the age group of 5-7 years. Early intervention programme was conducted for one half-an-hour session for 25 sessions in a sub-urban school. A series of developmental activities were introduced in areas like motor communication, visual, auditory, tactile and kinaesthetic percepion, recognition and social skills. A quasi-experimental pre-post design was used to assess its effectiveness. Changes measured through Reven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM) for children and Pandey's Cognitive Dvelopment Test for Preschoolers (PCDTP). The scores on PCDTP indicated significant gains in cognitive development. However, these changes were not found in to be significant in over all intelligence scores of RCPM. The improvement was more conspicuous in directly related cognitive than in symbolic skills which required higher level of generalizatiion.
The applications of computers are growing rapidly and expectations of this technolgy are growing at the same rate. One of the newest branches of computer application is Computer Assisted/Aided Instruction or CAI. Among all other media, computer has been accpeted as an important tool to amplify the learning capacity. The large amount of information stored in computers is made available to the learner more rapidly. The dynamic interaction between the student and instructional programme is possible through computer than any othe media. Computer technology programme is possible through computer than any other media. Computer technology has a great potential for assisting teachers in the delivery of quality instructional programs, particularly for students with special needs. The application of micro-computers for the students with special needs fall into three types-Computer Assisted instruction (CAI), Computer Managed Instruction (CMI) and Material Generation. In the present paper we will discuss each of these applications and see that how children with special needs can make use of these day-today instructions.
The learning disabled is a hidden handicap that must be discovered. In most of the cases and psychological environment are responsible for learning disabilities of young children. With the advent of environment movement in twentieth century, psychologists, educationalist become alive and take grave concern to the problem. The approach of psychologists is dealing with the problem may be said to be mainly confined to the environmental factors which, directly or indirectly contributes to the cognitive growth of the child. In this way the present study is an attempt to cover the ecological variables related to LD children such as parental education, family income, occupation, religion, birth order, age of mother at child's birth, working mother and management of school. The study was undertaken in Srinagar Garhwal, a small town in lap Central Himalayan. 100 learning disabled and 100 learning abled male and female children constituted the sample. The age group of the children was 7 to 10 years studying in class II - IV. The Non-verbal Group Test of Intelligence, Arithmetic Diagnostic Test for Primary School Children, Reading/Writing Disability Test and An Interview Schedule was used to obtain the data. Result of the study demonstrate that environmental factors plays a crucial role in the development of learning disability in children. It is necessary to pay more attention for detecting factors as soon as possible so that the remedy can given at a very early stage.
A study was conducted on 40 slow learners of 5-6 years old in Hisar city of Haryana State. These slow learners were divided into two groups in control (20) and experimental (20). The mental abilities of slow learners were assessed with the McCarthy Scale of children's abilities. Intervention programme provided to the experimental group showed the improvement in mental abilities. In verbal abilities majority (60%) of slow learners reach upto 4SD above mean. Whereas in perceptual performance (45%) of slow learners reach upto 3 SD above mean. In quantitative ability, majority (90%) of slow learners reach from 5SD below mean to 4SD below meanwhile in memory the slow learners reach upto 1SD above mean.