The present study aims at a comparative analysis of the non-institutionalized elderly and institutionalized elderly with respect to their pattern of adjustment, level of security / insecurity that the two groups experienced, their self-perceived life satisfaction, amount of coping resources etc. The sample consisted of 30 men who were at least 60 years of age or more - 15 of whom were living with their families in Delhi and Ghaziabad, while the remaining 15 lived in Sandhya, an old age home in Delhi. The tools used for data collection included Bell Adjustment Inventory, Maslow's Security/Insecurity Inventory. Relevant personal and familial information including education and marital status, living arrangement, Nature of family environment, friend circle, leisure time activities, level of life satisfaction was assessed through a semi structured questionnaire. Availability of spouse, healthy family relationship status of prominence in the family, constructive leisure time activities, social support network were found to be desirable factors for adjusting to old age life circumstances. The extension of the family of procreation of the married sons was found to be a factor for the institutionalization of elderly member of the family. The `t' value was found to be insignificant for the two standardized questionnaires. Certain suggestions for improving the quality and efficacy for the care of the elderly have been extended.
The present study attempts to examine the difference between the mean scores of trained and untrained teachers teaching visually impaired in relation to their adjustment and job satisfaction. Thirty-seven teachers were selected randomly from two schools. `Teachers' Adjustment Inventory' by S.K. Mangal and `Job Satisfaction Scale' by Dr. Meera Dixit were employed to collect the data. The data were analysed by employing Mean, S.D. and `t'- ratio. The result indicated that trained teachers have higher mean scores on adjustment in comparison to their untrained counterparts. Hence teachers' training plays a prominent role in the adjustment of teachers. The other finding shows that the mean score of untrained teachers in relation to job satisfaction is higher than the trained teachers, which indicates that teachers who did not receive any training are better satisfied in their jobs in comparison to trained teachers.
This is a study on the relationship between the Grammatical Assessment scores and the Terminal Language Test scores of three hundred upper primary hearing impaired students in Malayalam language. Due to lack of hearing, hearing impaired lag behind in language skills. Researches explicitly reveal that they commit more syntactic errors compared to semantic errors. Hence the investigator felt a need to formulate a grammatical assessment tool and to assess the written language performance of the hearing impaired students in Malayalam language. As the three components of language, Form, Content and Use are interrelated and complementing to each other, the investigator studied the relationship between this grammatical assessment score with the scores in terminal language test scores. The study revealed that the correlation between Malayalam marks and subtest scores were found to be positive and moderate in each of the ten subtests of the assessment tool. It was also seen that there was significant difference between test scores of those who secured upto 35% marks and above 35% marks in Malayalam terminal examination preceding the study. Hence the study gave a great insight. The teachers of hearing impaired must pay attention to develop proficiency in grammar at all levels at any cost as it will lead to proficiency in language and in other school subjects finally leading to better academic achievement.
Thirty randomly selected parents of mentally retarded children participated in the study. In the first phase of data collection `Family needs Schedule' developed by NIMH, Secunderabad was administered on them. In the second phase intervening processes useful for rehabilitation of MRs were introduced to them through videotapes, and information regarding PD Act 1995, and NT Act 1999 were given to them in detail. In the third phase, conducted after a few weeks, again Family Needs Schedule was administered on them. Since, the data collected were skewed, that were treated by Median Test, and pre intervention vs post intervention needs of the families were compared. Highly, significant differences were observed in the needs. In the post intervention condition the needs of the family related to MR reduced remarkably. It was concluded that intervention strategies help in rehabilitating the MRs.
In every country every child has the right to education, the right to receive help in learning to the limits of his capacity, whether that capacity be small or great. They need a little extra help from teachers to learn. Sometimes teachers understand their problems while at other times they are not able to understand their problems. Though teachers try to solve the problem of the student if they understand the child, but if the child's behaviour is complex i.e. twice exceptional such as Gifted and L.D. then it is very tedious job for teacher to understand the child's problem. In the lack of identification of this group we loose talents, who can make a bright future of our country. In recent years, researchers and practitioners have become increasingly interested in students who have both learning disabilities and giftedness. Gifted students are defined as those who demonstrate outstanding ablity to grapple with complexity, or superior academic potential. The definition of learning disability states that the level of performance in a particular academic area is substantially below what would be expected based on one's general intellectual ability and that this incongruity cannot be explained by lack of educational opportunity in that academic area. Children who are twice exceptional i.e. Gifted and learning disabled exhibit remarkable talents or strengths in some areas and disabling weaknesses in other. In this paper, identification of gifted children with learning disabilities have been given in detail. We also provide suggetions for parents, teachers and managers for how to best serve this unique population of student within the school environment.
The world is undergoing sea-change and that too very rapidly. This radical change is occurring in every sphere of life. There is vast explosion of knowledge on the one hand and decline of values on the other. To cope up with all this change we have to take the help of guidance. We cannot do without it if we seek development for ourselves and have high vision for life. Guidance is crucial for a developing country like ours to become self-reliant and prosperous. Whenever guidance services have been ignored society has suffered a lot in terms of wealth, talent and degeneration of civilization. Therefore this paper attempts to focus on relevance of guidance, throwing light on the various aspects where guidance can help and enrich us in the present scenario.
The paper argues that women are a disadvantaged section of society by measuring the sons' attitudes towards the mothers. The attitudes of sons of employed and non-employed mothers are compared by using suitable statistics. The results indicate that both the groups do not show significant differences. Both groups of mothers are caught up in their roles of mother & housewife and society still views even the employed women primarily in these roles.